/ / The monastery of Saint-andré-Le-bas: photo, description Abbaye de Saint-Andre-le-Bas de Vienne)

The monastery of Saint-andré-Le-bas: photo, description Abbaye de Saint-Andre-le-Bas de Vienne)

The monastery of Saint-andré-Le-bas - one of the attractions of the ancient city of Vienne, located in the South-East of France, the rhône - Alpes region. This settlement during the Roman Empire served as an important strategic centre, it is believed that here he spent the last days of the life of Pontius Pilate.

The city has preserved many medieval buildings Dating back over a thousand years. For example, the Abbey of Saint-andré-Le-bas was founded in the VIII century. Its name translates from French as "the Lower monastery of Saint Andrew". There is a second monastery of women, who accordingly were called the "Upper monastery of St. Andrew - Saint-andré-Le-Haut.

In the IX century, the main Cathedral of the monastery has also served as the castle chapel in the residence of the kings of Burgundy. And yet a hundred years later the Abbey became Benedictine. The prestige of the monastery grew, and in the XIII century, its rector was granted the status of a Bishop. But then came the long hundred years ' war, and after the Huguenot wars of the XVI century, the influence of the Abbey came to naught. It was finally abandoned after the French revolution, and the monastic buildings were declared private property. However, the temple itself had not been closed and was just a parish Church.

This Cathedral was built on Roman foundations, many of its details have been preserved since its construction in the tenth century. In 1152 it was rebuilt and took the appearance of a typical completed religious buildings of medieval Burgundian style. Additional chapels were appearing from the thirteenth century, and exquisitely decorated choirs appeared only in the XVIII century. The facade of the Church is almost new - it was remade in the XX century.

Especially noteworthy is the patio of the Abbey is the only fully-preserved cloisters in the region rhône - Alpes, done in the Romanesque style. It dates from the XII century. Interestingly, unlike the Cathedral, the ceilings here are not vaulted. The sculptural decoration of the cloister are the same as on the Church.

Preserved some traces and details of the other monastic buildings. They belong to the XIII and XVIII centuries.