/ / Montreal: photos, description (Montreal-du-Gers)

Montreal: photos, description (Montreal-du-Gers)

Montreal is a beautiful old village in the South of France, region MIDI - Pyrenees. It is included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France". It is home to more than a thousand people. The nearest major town - Osh, located 50 kilometers to the South-East.

During archeological excavations were discovered artifacts of the Neolithic period, and then traces the ancient oppidum even pre-Christian times. The modern city was founded in the XIII century. It is a Bastide - a fortified settlement, widespread in the South, in the XII-XIV centuries. This is the first Bastide in the historical province of Gascony. It was founded on 30 March 1255, the count of Toulouse, Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of king of France Louis IX, later canonized. In the course of the history of Montreal became an important administrative centre, it housed the Royal court. Also the city was built on the famous pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela, where the tomb of St. James. But soon began the hundred years war, during which Montreal several times passed from hand to hand and lost its former influence.

In 1565 it was the king of France Charles IX, according to the documents, he met with lavish hospitality. However, in the same year, intensified religious conflict, and the city was burned by the Huguenots. Despite the destruction that followed during the great French revolution, in the village managed to preserve some ancient buildings.

First and foremost, it is worth noting castle Balarin, which is a typical defensive construction of the XIII-XIV centuries. It consists of a rectangular building, formerly used as living quarters, the side of which stands the donjon. Also it is necessary to highlight several of the city churches. For example, the Cathedral Philip and St. James is a fortified building of the XIII century with an elegant Gothic facade. In this Church, previously known under the name of Notre-Dame, kept ancient Roman mosaic. The other temples are located some distance from the city, and some of them, such as the Romanesque St Peter's Church of XI century, was renovated, and lie in ruins. However, this Cathedral is interesting because it is the ancient tombstone of white marble, Dating back to the era of the Carolingians.

Among other buildings it is necessary to note the city hall of the XVIII century and the archaeological Museum, located in the same building as the tourist office. Another important attraction of settlement - excavations of a Roman Villa, Sevak, built in the IV century BC.