/ / Bridge of bir-Hakeim: photo description (the Pont de Bir-Hakeim)

Bridge of bir-Hakeim: photo description (the Pont de Bir-Hakeim)

Bridge of bir-Hakeim connecting the quay Branly and the way Georges Pompidou, looks unusual: it has two floors. On the upper floor of subway access, bottom, moving cars, cyclists and pedestrians.

Bridge for the metro - so more or less modern? No, because the Paris metro, one of the oldest in the world, was launched in 1900 for the world exhibition. A new form of transport has developed rapidly and demanded their infrastructure. In 1902 announced a competition for a new bridge to replace the pedestrian Passy.

The bridge was built under the guidance of Louis Beta. Two metal designs, each in three bays, separated by monumental stone archway, decorated with four statues-allegories of Science and Labor of the work of Jules kutana, Electricity and Trade of Jean-Antoine Engelber. The upper level of the metro line lies on a thin elegant columns, illuminated by lamps in the art Deco style. On the piers of the bridge - iron sculptural groups by Gustave Michel: the sailors with a stylized coat of arms of Paris, and the Smiths, rivet the shield with the monogram "RF" ("Republic of France").

June 18, 1949, the anniversary of the proclamation of Resistance, the bridge was renamed in honor of the defense of bir-Akama. In may-June 1942, the French, under the command of General Koenig sixteen days in the hardest conditions defended a small Fort from the armies of Rommel. This battle in the Libyan desert was the first for the forces of fighting France and showed the allies that the French army can contribute to the fight against the Reich.

On the one side of the arch in the middle of the bridge down to the bulk of Swan's island, which is the Paris statue of Liberty. On the other venue of the equestrian statue of "Resurgent France", created by Danish sculptor Holger of Vedenkina. Expressive sculpture - girl with a huge sword on horse racing - first portrayed Joan of Arc and was a gift from Denmark to Paris. The city Council has considered that Joan is too aggressive, and refused the gift. Brewing international scandal, but after the intervention of the Danish Embassy, a compromise was made to call the sculpture "Resurgent France." This option, the city Council approved, and in 1958 the statue was hoisted onto the bridge in the presence of the Ambassador of Denmark. On the site where there is a sculpture with a great view of the Eiffel tower. Jeanne, that is France, though signs point to her sword.