/ / D bridge Arcola: photo description (Pont d'arcole)

D bridge Arcola: photo description (Pont d'arcole)

Bridge d Arcole, connecting the île de La Cité to the Hotel de Ville, at first glance - just a nice bridge in a beautiful location. With balustrade, wide sidewalks and unexpected benches. However, this structure built in ancient times and in the XIX century, a matter of controversy, there is no consensus about what in whose honor is named the bridge.

The basic version is the most logical - in honor of the battle of Arcole, when the French, under the command of the young General Napoleon defeated the Austrians. During the battle Napoleon with the flag in his hands took soldiers on the Rue d ' Arcole bridge - a narrow, tall, well pressreleases. This episode was known throughout Europe, no wonder Prince Andrei in "War and peace" wants to perform the same feat.

Some believe that the Paris bridge was named in honor of a young rebel who participated in the revolution of 1830. On 28 July, in one of the so-called three glorious days, the rebels to occupy the town hall, it was necessary to break through the bridge. Then it was called Gruevski named square, and indeed it was another bridge hanging, in two flights. The rebels came under a hail of fire - the Royal guardsmen fired from the other Bank of the Seine. And then a young man with a tricolor in his hands and ran to the bridge, cried: "If I die, remember my name is Arcole!". He was killed, but his example has led the comrades. The town hall they took.

In the lists of the dead there was no Arcola. Of course, it could not be identified. Or he cried As the Arcola!", remembering the episode with Napoleon and felt the same hero. Maybe it's just urban legend of those days. Eugene Delacroix, the witness of revolutionary events, with a pen, sketched the figure - the man with the flag running to the bridge (later this idea was transformed into "Liberty leading the people"). The poet Casimir Delving published a poem about the brave Arcola. The artist amédée Bourgeois wrote the painting "the Capture of hôtel de Ville: the bridge of Arcole". On it, clearly showing what a nightmare for Paris turned those three days, a visible man with a tricolor at the head of the crowd.

Whatever it was, it seems doubtful that in 1856, under Napoleon III, when the old bridge was replaced by a metal arch, it would rename in honor of the mythical rebel. It is most likely that Napoleon III, which has already become by the time the Emperor called the new bridge in honor of his great uncle. But the figure of the mysterious Arcola still discussing seriously.

But what no one disputes is the fact that the bridge of Arcole d in August 1944 boomed liberated Paris tanks division of General Leclerc on their way to city hall. A truly glorious page in the history of France.