/ / Museum of art and history of Judaism: photos, description (Musee d'art et d'histoire du judaisme)

Museum of art and history of Judaism: photos, description (Musee d'art et d'histoire du judaisme)

Museum of art and history of Judaism located in the Marais, where it has long been settled Parisian Jews, in the old mansion of Saint-Aignan.

The building of the XVII century was called by the name of its second owner, the Duke de Saint-Aignan. In the XX century the mansion was purchased by the city and restored. The idea to place here a Museum of art and history of Judaism is strongly supported by the then mayor of Paris Jacques Chirac. He opened the Museum in 1998, this time as President of France.

The original exhibition was created from the collection of a private Museum of Jewish art and the collection of Strauss-Rothschild the Museum of Cluny. It added, items received from American Jewish organizations on restitution - she sought out Nazi-looted Jewish cultural values around the world. The collection was supplemented by the collections of the Louvre, the Pompidou Centre, the Orsay museums and the Carnival of the Prague Jewish Museum. The entire family archive - more than three thousand documents gave the grandson of captain Dreyfus, convicted in 1894 of spying for Germany and then acquitted. "The Dreyfus case" split the society and had a profound impact on the history of France and Europe at the turn of the century.

The first thing a visitor sees, coming to the Museum - monument to Alfred Dreyfus by sculptor Louis Mittelberg. The captain is stretched out like a string, holding in his raised hand a piece of a sword (during a public demotion Dreyfus personal weapon of an officer to know).

Stands of the Museum you can see a bronze Hanukkah lamp of the XIV century, the stone bowl for Purim 1319 years, tombstone from the Jewish cemetery of Paris in 1281. There are many Torah scrolls, unique jewelry, household items from various Jewish communities throughout Europe. Rich painting collection of the Museum. The main space is devoted to a canvas Marc Chagall "the Gate of the Jewish cemetery, created in Vitebsk in 1917 (it is believed that the artist depicted the Old gate-Ulanovich cemetery where his parents are buried). Widely presents the oeuvre of Amedeo Modigliani, Chaim Soutine, by Nathan Altman. In the sculpture section - the work of Ossip Zadkine, Jacques Lipchitz, Hanna Orlova.

The exposition tells in detail about the history of the Jewish communities of France, of Europe, North Africa, from the middle ages to the present day. The Museum's collection is one of the world's largest collections of Jewish cultural values.

Skirting the mansion, the visitor enters the garden of Anne Frank. Here grows a young chestnut tree Anne Jewish girl who died in Auschwitz. He's grown sprouts of the tree on whose branches the girl watched from his refuge - until her and her relatives grabbed by the Gestapo.