/ / Museum of Mineralogy: photo, description Musee de mineralogie)

Museum of Mineralogy: photo, description Musee de mineralogie)

Museum of Mineralogy appeared in Paris, oddly enough, in the midst of bloody revolution in 1794. Its founder was a modest Parisian teacher, abbé rené-just Ali, whose life was full of surprising turns.

Ali met with Mineralogy in a quite Mature age, naturalist, member of the French and St. Petersburg academies of Sciences, Louis Jean-Marie Daubenton. Minerals has captured the imagination of the Abbot. He soon made important discoveries in this field. But then came the revolution, absolutely apolitical priest-scientist the Jacobins were imprisoned for "insufficient hatred of the king". He was so apolitical that after the liberation asked: "what was the name of the king, which I'm not hated?" Released prisoner at the request of the zoologist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and then was appointed to the Commission on the establishment of weights and measures. It Ali together with Antoine Lavoisier suggested that the unit of mass, which we use now - kg. Soon, Lavoisier was guillotined by demagogic charges of the revolutionary Tribunal. Ali also survived and was the father precise and beautiful science of Mineralogy - his work laid the foundations of geometrical crystallography. No wonder the name of Ali (along with the name of Lavoisier) immortalized in the list of the greatest scientists in France, placed at the Eiffel tower.

A collection of minerals gathered Ali, and formed the basis of the Museum created at the French School of mining. This is the highest educational and scientific institution appeared under Louis XVI, when the country made the first strides in its industrial development. Survived School in the revolution, an important reform had Napoleon extremely appreciated engineers. From 1816 Mining Institute is housed in a former private mansion, a Palace at the Luxembourg gardens, is placed here since then and the Museum.

His collection is now up to one hundred thousand specimens of the various minerals. Of them visitors can see approximately 5000. The Paris Museum of Mineralogy is one of the largest collections of this kind. Not even the expert is amazed by the beauty represented here mountain sections and polished drunk, witnesses of the geological history of the Earth. The collection of the Museum, its archives and now are of great importance for science: modern solid state physics and materials science pay much attention to the crystals.