/ / Museum of human paleontology of Terra Amata: photos, description (Musee de paleontologie humaine de Terra Amata)

Museum of human paleontology of Terra Amata: photos, description (Musee de paleontologie humaine de Terra Amata)

Museum of human paleontology of Terra Amata is part of the archaeological Museum of nice, and part extremely fascinating. Here you can see how lived on the shores of the Mediterranean prehistoric people already knew fire, knew how to make stone tools, and hunted elephants and bison.

In 1958 in nice, the former residence of the king of Yugoslavia, was planned the construction of a luxury building "Carnot Palace. During the excavation found stone tools, and excavations began by a team of archaeologists led by Henri de Lumley. The results were so significant that the city authorities decided to create a Museum. In 1976, he started work on the first floor there is a residential building. The Museum reserved a large room, the center of which was the huge fragment of prehistoric pebble beach, which scientists Terra Amata (which translates as "beloved land").

Four hundred thousand years ago the Mediterranean coast of present-day looked completely different: sea level was higher at the location of the Museum in a secluded Bay, was the beach. Here in the lungs the huts the people lived. The slopes descending to the sea of the mountains was covered with dense forest, which is inhabited by animals - elephants, bison, fallow deer, deer, wild boars, and woolly rhinos, rabbits. To hunt them, the people of Terra Amata started the production of stone chopping and bits of beach pebbles.

In the Museum you can see the reconstruction of the huts of the people of the Neolithic period, built of stakes and branches with a hole in the roof for smoke. Such a hut could be up to 15 meters in length. In the center was a hearth paved with pebbles.

The exhibition presents a block of petrified ash from the hearth. Finely executed models demonstrate the life of ancient settlements. On the stands of many ancient tools from the point of view of modern man is not too different from ordinary stones, but the chips on them are made, without a doubt, the hand of the prehistoric masters. The tools are clearly not lying idle: the Museum displays a fossilized deer antler, the jaw of the elephant. This production of ancient hunters.

The most colorful stand tells the story of human evolution, as it is traditionally seen by many paleo-anthropologists: Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens... the Process illustrated casts of skulls, discovered by scientists in different parts of the world. Experts argue, differently interpreting these findings.

But a Museum has a unique exhibit about which there is no dispute. This is the only surviving trace of a man, the ancient hunter had slipped, the movement of his right foot imprinted in the soil. On the track length calculated height - 155 cm. Small, by today's views, tall man was sitting by the fire on the beach, Tessa stone chopping branch, listened to the waves, watched the stars.