/ / Museum of plans and reliefs: photos, description (Musee des Plans-Reliefs)

Museum of plans and reliefs: photos, description (Musee des Plans-Reliefs)

Museum of plans and reliefs located at Les Invalides - a phenomenon in the age of 3D rendering unusual and interesting. Here are collected three-dimensional model of the FORTS, ports, cities, in former times necessary for planning military campaigns.

The tradition of creating models by which commanders can provide details of future battles, was born in Europe in the XVI century. Collection of Louis XIV appeared in 1668, at the initiative of war Minister louvois. In based on a three-dimensional map recently conquered the stronghold of Spain in Flanders, - they were prepared under the guidance of an outstanding military engineer Sebastian Le Pretre de Vauban. Relief maps, shipped to the Louvre, made a strong impression on the king. Louis ordered the creation of the same models of the most important defensive areas of the Kingdom.

A new model was created during the war of the Austrian succession (1741-1748). Initially they were kept in the Louvre, but were here Museum of art demanded more space, and in 1777 the plans and reliefs moved to the attic of Les Invalides. Here the Museum is located now.

A new impetus to the development of the volume of military plans gave Napoleon. A gunner, he knew their value. The Emperor ordered to create layouts of strategically important sites: Brest, Cherbourg, Spices. The Golden age of the bulk of the plans ended in 1870, when France abandoned the construction of new fortifications.

In the Museum's collection now includes 260 skillfully made layouts of real objects, 100 of them are in the halls and available for review. The Museum displays 28 plans-reliefs of fortifications along the French English channel, Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts, the Pyrenees. At the time these models were strictly secret, in the age of satellites and Google Maps they seem wonderful huge toys.

Plans are made, as a rule, in 1/600 scale. They built in a single copy, under the guidance of engineers, surveyors skilled craftsmen. The terrain was formed from papier-mache, the earth was depicted by spraying fine sand on the glue, the grass was made of finely cut green silk. House cut out of small blocks of lime and artfully painted. As a result, the king and his marshals were lying depicted in minute detail theater of war. Looking at him, so it was good to imagine the future victory.