/ / Museum of the Prefecture of police of Paris: photos, description (Musee de la prefecture de police)

Museum of the Prefecture of police of Paris: photos, description (Musee de la prefecture de police)

Museum of the Prefecture of police of Paris is where it should be, - the Commissioner of police 5 district of the capital, on the third floor. The building of gloomy, still the police station. But the Museum pays all aesthetic inconvenience.

History of the Museum began in 1900 at the Paris world exhibition there was organized an exhibition of documents and evidence submitted by the Prefecture of police. Nine years later the prefect of police Louis lépine decided to create on the basis of the temporary exhibition a permanent Museum. Its main theme is fighting crime in France from the XVII century to the end of the world. But there is also quite modern exhibits.

History of the French police is curious and instructive. Napoleon came to power, found the complete incapacity of the police: on country roads it was impossible to move because of gangs of robbers. The Emperor suppressed banditry tough measures. He created the Prefecture of police, was put in charge of the most unscrupulous, but the most effective Minister - Foucher, serving all modes in a row.

In the future, the fight against crime was in France with the use of as unconventional methods. In 1811, in the Prefecture was the escaped convict Vidocq and offered his services. In the Museum you can learn how Vidocq formed a special team of former criminals - thus was born the French criminal police Siurte.

A separate exposition tells about the birth of the first effective method of identification proposed a simple Prefecture clerk Alphonse Bertillon a. It now has banks of computer fingerprints and genetic examination, and in the nineteenth century to identify a person who called himself a different name, was incredibly difficult. Bertillon devised a system of measurement and comparison of various parameters of the human body - growth, length and volume of the head, length of fingers and feet. February 20, 1883, he found that the prisoner calling himself DuPont, is actually a criminal by the name of Martin. So Bertillon first introduced into the forensic scientific methods, and the system called by his name - bertilonazh. It was used all over the world, until I learned how to collate prints.

On the stands of the Museum are weapons and uniforms of the police, gun crimes and even a real guillotine, which executed the French criminals. The entrance to the Museum is free.