/ / Museum of Freemasonry: photos, description (Musee de la Franc-Maconnerie)

Museum of Freemasonry: photos, description (Musee de la Franc-Maconnerie)

Museum of Freemasonry - the name for the Russian ear sounds at least strange. "He Freemason, he drinks one Glass of red wine. The familiar lines of Pushkin tells you that Freemasonry is something serious. And Tolstoy in "War and peace" with obvious irony, described how Pierre Bezukhov took a Masonic Lodge... But in France the Freemasonry is worthy of a good Museum.

His story begins in 1889 - then it was called the Museum of the Great East (name of the main Masonic Lodge of France). During the occupation the Nazis looted the collection, but in 1973 the Museum opened again. In 2000 he was awarded the status of a National Museum of France. At the same time in his collection returned many of the documents, brought from France by the Nazis after 1945, they were stored in the KGB archives in Moscow.

First and foremost, the Museum exhibits belongings of famous Freemasons: ritual sword of the French General, hero of the American revolution Lafayette Masonic apron of Voltaire, weapons, jewelry. The Museum has many documents, patents, manuscripts, drawings. Totally there are about ten thousand exhibits.

Who are the Freemasons? The origins of the movement are dark, sometimes they are erected by the Templars. It is known that in the origin of the Union played the role of the Association of stonemasons who built the cathedrals in England, in official acts they are called freemason, Freemasons. The elevation of these closed unions began when they came to the aristocrats and rich people looking for ways of influence on society.

In France, the first Masonic Lodge appeared about 1725, was it sent from England supporters of king James II. Soon, the French lodges have acquired a strictly national character. Among the masons were, for example, a prominent figure in the revolution, Mirabeau, and author of the "Marseillaise" of Rouget de Lisle. Revolutionary terror disrupted the activities of the Union, but Napoleon Bonaparte, later Napoleon III, he patronized. However, in the nineteenth century, the movement gradually disintegrated into many independent lodges and lost influence. During world war II, the occupation authorities strongly promoted the idea of a conspiracy against the French Jews, Protestants and masons". Thousands of Freemasons participated in the Resistance, many died. After the war, the Union appealed mostly to philosophical pursuits.

The masons are there in France now. But the once influential and powerful secret order today - just a page of history.