/ / National gallery of modern art, the jeu de Paume: photos, description (Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume)

National gallery of modern art, the jeu de Paume: photos, description (Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume)

National gallery of modern art, the jeu de Paume is located in a building that Napoleon III in 1861 he built in the garden of the Tuileries for the game of ball (jeu de paume).

It's an old game, the ancestor of tennis, common in Europe from the XIII century. It is mentioned in the novel of Dumas ' the Three Musketeers: d'artagnan played it before audience with the king. Played it and Napoleon III, the last Emperor of France. They built the building, in fact, a tennis court, for its architecture is a double d'orsay, located on the other end of the garden.

Since 1909 the building of the jeu de Paume was used for various exhibitions. In 1922, after extensive renovation, the gallery exhibited its permanent collection, without having to give and from temporary exhibitions. During these years, the jeu de Paume started to buy the works of outstanding artists - Modigliani, Picasso, Chagall, Soutine, Juan Gris.

During the occupation of the gallery was used by the Nazis as a warehouse for confiscated Jewish population of works of art. Part of the stolen cultural values was intended for the führer Museum in Linz. Simultaneously, the Nazis, despite carrying the so-called "degenerate art", was trying to sell in third countries not satisfied with their paintings. Part of the works failed to sell, and on the night of 27 July 1942 they were burned in the fire near the jeu de Paume (including the work of Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali).

In 1947 the gallery was turned into a Museum, showcasing mainly works of the Impressionists: excellent natural light created ideal conditions for this. But in 1986 a collection of impressionist works donated to the Museum d'orsay, and a hall for ball games was severely redesigned by the architect Antoine Stinko with a focus on contemporary art.

Today there are not only exhibition spaces but also an audiovisual room, bookstore, coffee shop. The gallery holds exhibitions of contemporary paintings and graphics, photos, shows movies, videos. Contrast to them for the huge Windows the jeu de Paume - the constant Tuileries gardens, Seine, Concorde.