/ / National manufactory of Gobelins: a photo, a description (Manufacture des Gobelins)

National manufactory of Gobelins: a photo, a description (Manufacture des Gobelins)

There is a manufactory of Gobelins in Paris for over four centuries, and is still a going concern: it is producing tapestries for public and government centers. However, for the most part, the Manufacture has become a gallery where you can see great works of fine art and learn the process of their creation.

The word "tapestry" comes from the name of a French master, a native of Reims, Jean Gobelin, who in the middle of the XV century was founded in the Paris suburb of Faubourg Saint-Marcel of the family dye works. In 1607 manufactory of Tapestry bought two Dutchman, Frans van den Planken and Mars de Commons. They began to produce multicolored tapestries on mythological subjects. Finest hour of the Dutch came in 1662, when the superintendent of Finance Jean-Baptiste Colbert organized the Royal visit to the factory admiring Louis XIV the company just bought. Thus was born the Royal weaving a Tapestry manufactory.

In its further development invested their talent by the Royal painter Charles Le Brun, who served as Director there for almost thirty years. During the revolution the company closed, Napoleon and the Bourbons, it was restored and expanded. In 1871, the Communards, the company partially burned. Since 1937, the Manufacture of tapestries included organizationally in the Department "State property and National carpet factory" of the Ministry of culture of France.

In our days multi-color wall tapestry - a unique and very expensive piece of decorative art. Cooperation with the Manufactory of tapestries believed to famous artists Paul Cezanne, Fernand Leger, Sonia Delaunay, Jean Lorca, Louise Bourgeois. Manual technique used in the production of tapestries is extremely labor-intensive: during the year the master is able to weave the larger half square meter of the work. How exactly this is done can be seen during tours of the Manufactory.

It also exhibits specimens of tapestry of different periods, from the sumptuous tapestries of the XVII century to the modern pile carpets which use stable and bright synthetic fibers.