/ / National Museum of the Legion of honor and orders of chivalry: photos, description (Musee national de la Legion d'honneur et des ordres de chevalerie)

National Museum of the Legion of honor and orders of chivalry: photos, description (Musee national de la Legion d'honneur et des ordres de chevalerie)

National Museum of the Legion of honor and orders of chivalry - the world's only historical Museum, showing the full panorama of national awards all over the world, from Louis XI to the present day. In addition, the Museum talks about the unique French award, which has no analogues in other countries, the Legion of honor.

The idea of the Legion of honor belonged to Napoleon. Royal awards (the revolution is canceled, and to celebrate military and civic virtue was necessary. The military awarded personal arms. But what to do with the civilians? Referring to the experience of ancient Rome and medieval chivalry, Napoleon put forward the idea of creating a national organization that brings together the best of the best. The law on the order of the Legion of honor was adopted in 1802.

In 1871 in France, there were 70 thousand members of the order. After the First world war, its population began to grow rapidly: awarded the veterans. By 1962, the order was for 300 thousand people. De Gaulle felt that this rapid growth leads to a fall in prestige of major national awards, and in 1963 was approved the new Code of the order, which by the end of XX century the number of members was reduced to 125 thousand.

Heads the Legion of honor the President of France. Members of the order have the right to wear special insignia. These signs in France are available, but their illegal possession is punishable by law.

The Museum is located in the Palace of the Legion of honor on the left Bank of the Seine, opposite the Tuileries. Here is the headquarters of the order. Was opened the Museum in 1925, for his General Augustin Yvon Edmond Dubai, the Grand Chancellor of the order, specifically rebuilt the wing, which were previously stables. Financed the construction of the subscription themselves Legionnaires. The exposition is continuously replenished by funds of other museums and private donations. In 2008 here has transferred part of its the world's largest collection of awards of the Ambassador of Italy, Dr. Antonio Benedetto Spada.

Stands of the Museum you can see the rewards of all countries of the world, as well as samples of weapons, which was awarded for two centuries: swords, rifles, pistols, cutlasses, grenades, and even drum sticks. One of the most valuable exhibits - the path of the grandmaster of the Legion d'honneur, worn by Napoleon.