/ / The national centre for immigration history: photos, description (Cite nationale de l'histoire de l'immigration)

The national centre for immigration history: photos, description (Cite nationale de l'histoire de l'immigration)

The national centre for immigration history is the only Museum in France dedicated to the history and culture of many human waves, perekhrestivka the country's borders for two centuries.

The first wave of immigration to France dates back to the industrial revolution (the era of Napoleon III, 1851 - 1879). The slow growth of population has led to the fact that the state began to encourage the immigration of workers from neighbouring countries - Belgium, Piedmont, Spain, Switzerland, and Germany. Began the influx of North African colonies - for example, the great-grandfather of Edith Piaf was a Moroccan. During the First world war France mobilized colonial troops, which were Senegalese, Algerians, Vietnamese. Soon, the country moved refugees from Eastern Europe.

In 1931, France had about 3 million foreigners - almost 6 percent of the population. The country's policy towards them during the great depression was becoming tougher in the society there was a growing wave of xenophobia. The baton was taken collaborationist Vichy government. No wonder the immigrants were well represented in the Resistance movement.

Post-war reconstruction of the country demanded of workers, and France shifted to an active immigration policy. "Thirty glorious years" of the French economy ended during the oil crisis of 70-ies of XX century. The country was faced with the strikes of Arab workers. Since the end of last century, immigration is the most pressing political problem of France.

The Museum is housed in the Palace of the Golden gate on the edge of the Bois de Vincennes. Previously, there was located the Colonial exhibition after France for centuries was one of the main colonial powers. The idea of creating a Museum was expressed by the immigrant from Algeria Zaire Kiddush, it was supported by President Jacques Chirac. However, in 2007, when Chirac came Sarkozy, the opening of the Museum took place without solemn ceremonies, as two-thirds of the participating academics had denied him their support.

More than a thousand square meters of the exposition tell us about the movement of peoples, migration of national groups in France, their religions and art. In the Museum complex is also famous for Tropical aquarium where you can observe the life 5,000 species of fish and aquatic animals, including alligators.