/ / The Observatory in the tower Babot: photos, description Tour de la Babotte)

The Observatory in the tower Babot: photos, description Tour de la Babotte)

Astronomical Observatory in Montpellier is located in the tower Babot built especially for observing the stars and planets.

Tower height of 50 meters was built in 1739. Open in the same year the Observatory was a division of the Royal scientific society and existed as such until 1793. For fifteen years, beginning in 1795, it belonged to the Free society of science and literature, and then before it was closed in 1832, was the Observatory of the faculty of Sciences at the local University.

Before the French revolution Observatory Babott was recognized as the important astronomical centre. With 80-ies of XX century, the tower houses the city astronomical society.

During the work of the Observatory astronomers Montpellier had to watch the passage of Halley's comet in 1759 and of other comets, nearly three dozen lunar eclipses, including nine full, eleven eclipses of the Sun, the passage of the planets Venus and mercury across the solar disk. In honor of the Observatory Babott was even named an asteroid.

In addition, the tower Babot went down in history as the place the world's first parachute jump. It was done by a local physicist Louis-sébastien Lenormand in 1783, in the eyes of the amazed public and one member of the audience was Joseph Montgolfier, inventor of the balloon. The parachute, which jumped Lenormand was, of course, the prototype of the modern parachute - it was huge and had a frame made of wood. With this device Lenormand wanted to save people from burning buildings. Before his leap from the tower of the Observatory Lenormand lowered on a parachute of a different animal.

In Montpellier, except for the tower Babot, there is another Observatory is an astronomical pavilion, located in the Botanical garden of the city.