/ / Observatory of the côte d'azur: photo description (Observatoire de la Cote d'azur)

Observatory of the côte d'azur: photo description (Observatoire de la Cote d'azur)

Observatory of the côte d'azur is located two kilometers North of the Park of Mont Boron, on the top of the hill of Mont Gros (370 meters above sea level). This is not only a world-renowned research laboratory but also a cultural center, where every year thousands of tourists come.

Created the Observatory of the French banker and patron of the Sciences of Dutch origin raphaël-Louis Bilisim. He was an avid Amateur astronomer, has funded the work of the observatories of Paris and located in the Pyrenees at Pic du MIDI. In 1878 he bought the top of Mont Gros and asked his friend the architect Charles Garnier, the design for a new Observatory. The site was chosen with knowledge of the case: crystal clear air of nice, and a large number of cloudless days create excellent conditions for observation.

The Observatory complex includes 18 buildings, 13 of them were built in the Beaux-arts, Charles Garnier. For the main building required a dome with a diameter of 24 meters (more than the Paris Pantheon). Among the architects was declared a competition to design a colossus weighing 162 tons, which was easily and smoothly be rotated around the vertical axis. Defeated Gustave Eiffel, who proposed an unexpected solution: put the dome on the float is floating freely in the annular channel. The channel did not freeze in winter nights, it was filled with a solution of potassium carbonate.

In 1887, under the dome established the largest in the world (at the time) telescope-refractor - diameter of 76 inches, 18 feet in length. It is complemented by a smaller tool with a diameter of 50 centimeters. On the background of the current giants of the tools look like dwarfs, but with this small telescope the astronomer Auguste honoré river banks opened four dozen asteroids.

In 1986, the Observatory of nice have teamed up with research centre for geodynamics and astrometry, located in the Maritime Alps. Together they form the Observatory of the côte d'azur. There is now intensive research, including planetary science, stellar physics, gravitational waves.

To the Observatory is a winding road, climbing to the top of the hill. The entrance gate is guarded by statues of Physics (the author is the sculptor aimé millet) and Astronomy (works by Jules Thomas). Hulls are in a beautiful Park, spread over an area of 35 hectares. There is a stunning view to the West, in the direction of Cannes, and to the East (see Monaco).

Astronomers allow group visits to the Observatory. It offers forest trails and Astrorama a platform with telescopes under the open sky. Here you can listen to the lecture of the member of the Observatory about planets, stars, black holes and other wonders of the Universe. On the website "Astronomy" every day specify the time of sunrise and sunset of the moon and planets. They can be observed from the summit of Mont Gros, floating in the star ocean away from the noise of nice.