/ / Villar: photos, description (Auvillar)

Villar: photos, description (Auvillar)

Auvillar is a beautiful old village in the South of France, region MIDI - Pyrenees. Since 1994 she included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France". The settlement stands on the river Garonne. It is home to more than a thousand people.

Villar has a rich history - the first settlement was established here in ancient times - on the rocky cliff there was a fortified Roman oppidum. During the Early middle Ages the village was repeatedly subjected to raids from the barbarian tribes, including the Vikings. Only in the XII century on this place grew up major city, which became the capital of the counts of Armagnac.

The medieval citadel has experienced several sieges during the wars - here the fighting took place during the Crusade against the Albigenses, and during the hundred years war, and during the religious wars of the middle of XVI century. Just then Villar became a territory of the Kingdom of Navarre, but with the advent to power in France of king Henry IV of Navarre, the city became part of France.

Since the XVII century the economic growth of the city. Widespread here pottery was erected several large factories. Also here from goose feathers done writing materials - developed calligraphic. By the nineteenth century, Villar was already a major port, river traffic with other cities were almost continuously.

The city has preserved several monuments of medieval architecture. Especially worth noting is the St. Peter's Basilica and the clock tower. And in the center of the town stands an ancient round room under the canopy - in ancient times it housed the market, trading grain. It is also interesting that Villar is on the pilgrimage path on the way to one of the main Christian shrines - the tomb of St. James in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela.