/ / The island: photos, description Ile de la Cite)

The island: photos, description Ile de la Cite)

Île de La Cité is the historical heart of Paris, its oldest part. Here begins a great city with two thousand years of history.

For the first time about this place mentions Julius Caesar commentaries on the Gallic war" - the proconsul had sent the four legions, against the parisii tribe, whose "island Sequani" there was a fortified city of Lutetia. Parisi, faced with the military superiority of the Romans burned the city and its bridges.

In the first century, when Gaul was annexed by Rome, the conquerors revived Lutetia. Through the island was the Roman road, along which troops and goods moving in the direction of Britain, the extreme Western Outpost of the Empire. In the III century, the threat of attacks of barbarians forced the city to shrink in size and completely move the Sieve under the protection of the defensive wall. In the IV century the town, located on the island, first called Paris.

Around the same time, there arises the Christian community. In the soil layer under Notre-Dame de Paris are found the ruins of the Basilica of Saint-Etienne, Church of the Merovingians. In the beginning of VI century, the legendary Clovis I transferred the capital of the state francs in Paris, and who is described here I builds the Basilica of St. Stephen in its place several centuries later will be erected the Notre Dame Cathedral. Robert II the Pious builds up on the Sieve of the Royal Palace, and the St. Louis builds the chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, which puts the sacred relics brought by the crusaders from Constantinople.

The small island of century after century, amassed untold treasures. By the time of the French revolution there were two dozen magnificent churches, palaces, historic homes. But restless in the nineteenth century prefect of Paris, Baron Haussmann decisively demolished all the buildings located between the Royal Palace and Notre-Dame de Paris. Here were built new police building and commercial Tribunal, laid three straight streets, over bridges.

New Cité is not the same medieval Cité. But it's still beautiful. With the mainland and the island of Saint-Louis and its nine connecting bridges, which offer stunning views. The monuments of the Cité - Notre Dame Cathedral, Sainte Chapelle, Conciergerie, Palace of Justice - attract tourists at any time of the year.