/ / The island of Pheasants: photos, description (Ile des Faisans)

The island of Pheasants: photos, description (Ile des Faisans)

The Isle of Pheasants, situated in the middle of the river Bidasoa, also called the island of the Conference and is a symbol of peace, was the result of a long confrontation with France and Spain. The island was not divided by the border, instead of every six months he goes from Spain to France and back.

In 1659, in a specially built on the island pavilion of cardinal Mazarin and the Spanish Minister don Luis de Haro signed the Pyrenees peace Treaty. Cardinal in the preparation of this historic event was accompanied by Charles de Batz, the prototype of the literary d'artagnan. As part of the same Spanish entourage was a famous painter Diego Velazquez, but only in Spanish and French delegations, there were several hundred participants.

One of the conditions of the Treaty of the Pyrenees was the marriage between Louis XIV and Maria Teresa of Austria, daughter of Philip IV. This political Union was signed here, on the island exactly a year later.

In the XVII century the size of the Pheasant, the Islands were little more than now - currently its length is about 130 meters and a width of only 15. To protect its shores from further erosion work both States. In addition to the pavilion in preparation for the conclusion of a peace agreement was built two bridges leading to the island from the French and Spanish sides. They were built on the same project, but each side was decorated with them on your own. The decoration of the bridge and the Spanish part of the pavilion was done by Velasquez, who at that time was not only an artist but a person close to the king and held the position of Keeper of the wardrobe. Yet another reminder of the consummation of the world here is the established monument.

Interesting, but before signing of the peace Treaty, the parties signed another document - the so-called Pact of luxury, and it is agreed that delegations and their heads looked about the same at the luxury of their clothes and jewelry. In the end, each party tried to stand in all its glamor and splendor, and the degree of pomp and, as we would say in our days, the glamour of the event was extremely high.