/ / Hotel Dieu: photo, description, Hotel-Dieu de Beaune)

Hotel Dieu: photo, description, Hotel-Dieu de Beaune)

The hotel Dieu (or hospice) in Beaune at present is the complex of medieval buildings, in which there is not only the spirit of antiquity, but also flows quite modern life.

In one wing of this complex is the home for the elderly, and this fact allows us to assert that founded in the fifteenth century the house of mercy and is today used for its original purpose. In another wing is a Museum. The Hotel Dieu annual charity wine auctions. Thanks to its bright appearance, including the multi-colored tile roof, the hôtel-Dieu is one of the symbols of Beaune and a highly visited tourist attraction. It resembles more of a Palace than a last resort, his style has been described as Burgundian Gothic.

The reason for the opening of the almshouses was the hundred years war between France and England, in the years which on the streets of Beaune, a host of crippled and homeless. It should be noted that hospice appeared almost at the end of the war. Thus, the decree on the establishment of the hospice was signed in 1443, the opening of the almshouse was held after nine years, and after year exhausted the last, the fourth military conflict from those that decided to mention under the umbrella term "hundred years war".

The initiator of the opening of a charitable institution was Nicolas Rolin, Chancellor of Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good. Rolen and his wife financed the operation of the Hotel Dieu from their own revenues vineyards. Soon they were joined by other benefactors who donated in favor of the poorhouse not only money, but also works of art, land and real estate. To date, the Hotel Dieu has become a major owner of land and other real estate in Beaune - including vineyards, wineries and wine cellars. The basis of the Museum of the Hotel Dieu lay donated paintings and other cultural values. The gem of the collection recognized the painting "the last judgement" by Flemish artist Rogier van der Weyden. Part of the exposition of the Museum recreates the atmosphere of the XV century almshouses.