/ / The monument to the victims of the Winter velodrome: photos, description (Memorial du Velodrome d'hiver)

The monument to the victims of the Winter velodrome: photos, description (Memorial du Velodrome d'hiver)

The monument to the victims of the Winter velodrome (the vel d IV) recalls a tragic page in the history of France: in July 1942 on the orders of German occupation authorities, French police arrested 13 of thousands of Jews, foreigners living in Paris. Most of them before departure to the death camp were detained at the Winter velodrome.

The vel ' d Eve, the first indoor velodrome in France, before the war it was a popular place. There, on the street Nelaton, was held not only Cycling, but also competition in hockey, wrestling, and Boxing. Hemingway in "the Holiday, which always with you" in his romantic manner described Winter velodrome "in the haze of the dying day". In the haze of early morning on 16 July 1942 vel ' d Eve took in thousands of Jewish men, women, children of all ages. They spent a week there - in the heat (at the velodrome was the glass roof, and all Windows closed), no food, one water tap and five toilets in all. Those who tried to escape were shot on the spot, several people have committed suicide. A week later, all were transported to Auschwitz.

Three children managed to save his mother Maria Skobtsova. Poetess, nun, and member of the Resistance she lived nearby - on the street Lourmel. Mother Maria managed to have her let into the stadium, found there a familiar immigrant from Russia and helped her children, two boys and a girl, escape, hiding them in the dustbins.

After the war, abandoned velodrome burned. Now, the vel ' d Eve of an apartment building and the Ministry of internal Affairs.

For years France refused to admit his guilt in this tragedy. Only in 1995, President Jacques Chirac said for the first time that the country has committed the unpardonable sin.

Ceremony in memory of the victims is held at the monument every year. However hard to find it, and hardly anyone from the Parisians will tell you where he is. To approach the monument, it is necessary to move from the bridge of bir-Hakeim on the promenade quay Grenelle. The boardwalk is actually the roof of the tunnel that after crossing the Seine, take the RER. Up there, opposite to the house â„–17, not visible from the sidewalk, is a monument by sculptor Walter Spitzer and architect Mario Azagury.

Spitzer child was among those arrested at the Winter stadium and survived Auschwitz. Its monument - the seven figures, sitting and lying on the inclined surface of the racetrack. Three women, two men, two children. Their faces are turned to the Eiffel tower - the symbol of the city, from which they hoped to receive protection.