/ / Cave of Lascaux: photos, description (Grotte de Lascaux)

Cave of Lascaux: photos, description (Grotte de Lascaux)

The cave of Lascaux is compared with two world-famous cultural and historical sites - the Sistine chapel and Versailles. The number, diversity and degree of preservation of primitive drawings on cavern walls is so great that allows to make comparisons with outstanding works and unique museums.

Compare Lascaux with Versailles belongs to the first researcher of rock art in the cave - Henri Bralu, which began its study in the years of the Second world war (in 1940) when he was hiding in these places from the Nazis. After the war, in 1949, he returned to the territory of the Dordogne, where is the cave, and continued her study. Excavations inside the cave was carried out until the end of the twentieth century, each time discovering new images. Today, there are nearly two thousand, they were created in the period from XVIII to XV century BC.

However, the glory of discoverer of the cave does not belong to Braly and four ordinary Teens who found it by accident. The cave is located close to Perigueux on the banks of the Weser river, inside a small mountain of limestone. Since 1979, the cave is included in the UNESCO list of world heritage of UNESCO and is a popular tourist attraction.

To preserve the images and organize natural flow of visitors had to be equipped with a reliable cave door and a special ladder. Also installed climate-control system that controls the humidity level and temperature. All these measures were undertaken in the 50-ies of the last century, however, the number of visitors was very high and led to the destruction of drawings and scratches on the cave walls of algae and other unpleasant consequences. Therefore, in 1963 the cave was closed by order of the Minister of culture andré Malraux.

In 70-e years were created the cave of Lascaux-2, which is a concrete reproduction of the main cave. At Lascaux-2 visitors began to start up in 1983.