/ / Place de La Bastille: photo, description La place de la Bastille)

Place de La Bastille: photo, description La place de la Bastille)

Place de La Bastille is named for a fortress from the late eighteenth century vybivshiysya on the Eastern edge of Paris. Fortress ordered built by king Charles V specifically for their own security. Challenge failed: at different times the Bastille was stormed by seven times and all seven times, she surrendered without resistance.

The thought of doing a prison for noble came in the head of the cardinal Richelieu. For imprisonment in the Bastille did not need a court decision - it was enough to seal a letter with the king, the so-called "lettr de mess". The most famous prisoner here was Voltaire: he sat there twice, and next to Marquis de Sade.

The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789 was the prelude to the French revolution. On the eve crowds looted bakeries. Then seized the Arsenal at Les Invalides - 32,000 muskets and old guns. Ammunition was not there, but they were in the Bastille. The commandant of the fortress, the Marquis Bosom refused to open the gate. With the beginning of the storming of the fortress caught fire, the soldiers did not defend her. The crowd stormed the Bastille. Marquis Bosom tore to pieces.

In the diary of Louis XIV in the day it was recorded: "Nothing. The Bastille was taken".

800 workers dismantled the fortress for three years. Today we can see the outlines laid out on the square paving stones of contrasting color. 14 July is now a national holiday in France. It is important to know, however, that originally the holiday was established not to honor the storming of the Bastille, and in honor of held a year later on the occasion of the reconciliation of the king and members of the gala dinner, which marked the national accord.

The Central element of the square is the July column, installed here in the memory of the French revolution of 1830. The column is also a memorial in its grounds to a vault, where the remains of the fallen during the revolution.

Nearby stands the building of the Opera Bastille. It is the largest and most modern Opera house of Paris (only its Large hall can accommodate 2700 spectators). Opera Bastille has a reputation as the most democratic: it is not reprehensible to even go here in jeans.