/ / Piazza Garibaldi: photo description (Place Garibaldi)

Piazza Garibaldi: photo description (Place Garibaldi)

Garibaldi square is one of the oldest in the city. This is symbolic for the nice place associated with the name of the most famous of her son.

This name was not always: the ensemble near the harbour began to take shape in the XVIII century. In 1773, the architect Antoine Spinelli laid there area. By the decision of the king of Sardinia Victor Amadeus III here held the road nice - Turin. The tract was laid fit for a king, the area was enlarged, framed by buildings with uniform facades of ochre.

In 1784 there was built according to the project Spinelli neoclassical chapel of the Holy Sepulchre. She gave the area a festive look. On the façade of the chapel above the three entrance arches, you can see three cannon nuclei: they are suspended here in memory of the siege of nice by the Turks in 1543.

The area consistently found the names of king Victor Emmanuel, the Republic (after the capture of the city by the French in 1792), Napoleon (during the Empire), Weapons (after the town was returned to Sardinia), St. Augustine (after the annexation of nice by France). In 1870 it was named after the great native of nice, Giuseppe Garibaldi.

Garibaldi was born in nice in 1807. Following in the footsteps of his father, became a sailor. Sailed the Mediterranean and Black seas, in Taganrog met an Italian emigrant, who instilled in the young captain of the Republican ideas. For participation in the conspiracy against the monarchy at the Savoy, he was sentenced to the death penalty, he fled to South America, traded, fought for the independence of new States. In South America Garibaldi on the occasion I bought cheap for their soldiers red shirts that became a symbol to his troops. In 1848 across Europe triggered the revolution, and Garibaldi hurried home. With a small force he landed in nice, after a series of brilliant victories was defeated, emigrated to the United States. In 1859 with him secretly met the Prime Minister of Sardinia, count Cavour, and was persuaded to take part in the war against Austria. Garibaldi's volunteers have become a force that played a crucial role in creating today's United Italy.

Garibaldi died on 2 June 1882. Two days later, the municipal Council of nice decided to erect on the square a monument to the great patriot. The project was created by the sculptor Antoine Etaix, but he died before he could carve a statue. The sculptor Jean-Baptiste Gustave Deloye increased the pedestal four times and added two bronze lions at the sides. On the marble of Garibaldi - shirt, apparently, the same, red. Hand he leans on a sword. The monument stands in the middle of the majestic fountain.

Now the area is fully renovated, paved with basalt and gneiss. Basically it is given to pedestrians, except for its crossing of the tram line. On the facades of the surrounding buildings in the Baroque style stand out the traditional green shutters of nice. In the arcades are hidden antique shops. The local café Turin is famous for seafood: since 1891, here offer Mediterranean oysters, which the company delivers the famous family Rumage - already the sixth generation.