/ / The area: photos, description (Place des Victoires)

The area: photos, description (Place des Victoires)

The area is one of the smallest in Paris. It lies five hundred metres North-East of the Louvre was built as a gate of the Grands boulevards Saint-Denis and Saint-Martin), in honor of the victories of king Louis XIV in the war against Holland.

The thought of this gift the king came up with his Marshal de La Faadu. At the conclusion of Nimwegen world Marshal was bought and demolished all the houses on the selected location to the Royal architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart broke and built up the square with the statue of the king in the center.

Mansar plotted a perfectly round square with facades similar to the walls of the temple. Here mansar first tried this technique, as the device houses a beautiful attic, called the name of the architect. The area went six narrow streets. In the center, as planned, set foot statue of king on a high pedestal. In the corners were figures representing the sorrow of the losers in the war of the triple Alliance (England, Sweden, the Netherlands).

During the French revolution the statue of king just executed on the guillotine, was demolished. The square was renamed the area of National victories, referring to the victory of Republican France. The center has established a pyramid.

During the time of Napoleon the pyramid was removed and placed naked equestrian statue of General desaix, a member of the Egyptian campaign, fallen in the battle of Marengo. After the fall of the Empire, the bronze of this monument, together with metal figure of Napoleon Vendome column went to the casting of the statue of Henry IV, who is now in the Dauphin area.

After the Restoration, in 1826, on victory square again, a monument to Louis XIV by Francois Joseph Bosio. This time the horse, with the rider in Roman clothes, on a simple pedestal - nothing to do with the initial plan.

In the nineteenth century some of the houses overlooking the square, was rebuilt, expanded streets. From conception Mansart remained not so much, but the overall atmosphere is a little beautiful area, reminiscent of the ballroom have been preserved.