/ / Concorde: photo, description, Place de la Concorde)

Concorde: photo, description, Place de la Concorde)

Concorde considered the most beautiful in Paris. It is located very well: her views on the prospect of the Champs elysées, the Tuileries gardens and the Louvre, the Eiffel tower.

Founded the square Louis XV. The choice of location affected the exact economic calculation: in 1755, this area was not included in the city limits, land is cheap. Architect Gabriel designed the square of Louis XV in the form of an octagon with equestrian statue of the king in the center.

During the revolution the monument was demolished, the pedestal was erected the statue of Liberty, the area was given a new name - the Revolution. Here executed Louis XVI, and then near the terrace of the Tuileries gardens set the guillotine, where you found his death 1119 people: Duke of Orleans Philippe, Charlotte Corday, Saint-just, Desmoulins, Danton, Robespierre. In 1795, with the cessation of civil war, the area was called by its current name.

When king Louis-Philippe I, between the two revolutions (1830-1848), the area has been updated. It set the most ancient of the Parisian monuments - granite obelisk of the era of Pharaoh Ramses II. The monument, weighing 250 tons Egypt gave France, and to bring him here, built a special ship "Luxor". The rise of the obelisk in the eyes of the Royal family and two hundred thousandth of the crowd took three hours.

On both sides of the obelisk stand two nine-meter fountain - smaller versions of fountains with the Roman St. Peter's square. In the evenings they are very beautifully illuminated. From the North the square is lined with buildings, the architecture reminiscent of the Louvre, " the Ministry of the Navy of France and the hotel "Crillon". On the corner of the Rue Saint-Florentin is a mansion that once belonged to Talleyrand, in 1814, lived Russian Emperor Alexander I. On Easter, the Emperor ordered to construct the square altar and to serve thanksgiving for the cessation of bloodshed.

The area was glorified and famous innovative painting Degas (1876). It depicts a friend of the painter Vicomte LePic crossing the square with her two daughters. The canvas came to Germany, after the fall of Berlin in 1945 - to the Hermitage, where he is now.