/ / Riquewihr: photo description (Riquewihr)

Riquewihr: photo description (Riquewihr)

The name of the village of Riquewihr received on behalf of one of the tenants who lived and worked on these lands in VIII century. The name, of course, had sounded a little differently - for example, in the first documentary references to the middle of the XI century town of Riquewihr is referred to as Riceville.

Until the end of the XIII century Riquewihr was owned by different aristocratic families, until it was captured by count Rudolf of Habsburg in a few years became king of Germany and the first Habsburg on the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. Rudolf of Habsburg destroyed the fortress - the main bulwark of Riquewihr, but later other Habsburgs built around the city fortifications.

From 1324, the city passed into the possession of the house of Wittenburg. At the end of XVIII century require supported the ideas of the French revolution and was expelled aristocrats who ruled them.

The basic construction of Riquewihr is a house of stone and half-timbered, and built the richest citizens. Middle-class people decorated their half-timbered houses and carved wooden decorations on the houses require placed logos, reporting on the affiliation of the owner to a particular craft shop. One of these houses stands on the street of General de Gaulle, it was built in 60-ies of the XVI century and is one of the highest fachwerkhof in Alsace: it has five floors and a height of 25 meters.

Square of the Three churches you can see three temples. Two of them - Notre Dame and St. Erard - date back to the XIV century and the parish Church of St. Margaret was built from the XII to the XV century. In Riquewihr also preserved fortifications of the XIII century, including gates, corner towers and walls. In the XVI century was built a new Palace for the Dukes of Wurtemburg-Montbéliard, who after the revolution was used as a school and now it is a Museum.

Due to its historic fortifications of Riquewihr were included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France", and due to its wine-growing traditions - in map popular tourist route "the Wine road of Alsace". One of the neighbouring cities of Colmar.