/ / Roman necropolis Alaskan: photos, description (Alyscamps)

Roman necropolis Alaskan: photos, description (Alyscamps)

The Roman necropolis of Alaskan is a Museum of funeral culture under the open sky. The place was dark, but noteworthy here are the remains of ancient tombs, graves and chapels. The first burial was made in the III century and the last burials date from the period of the French revolution. Unfortunately, in the middle of the XIX century on the territory Alaskana railroad, and one part of the necropolis was alienated from the rest of the cemetery. In that part are the chapel of the XVI century and a leper colony.

This necropolis was not once mentioned in literature and depicted in paintings. Alaskan surroundings and wrote Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin, and in the literature, it was depicted by Dante Alighieri in "the divine Comedy" and Ludovico Ariosto's "Raging Roland".

The name of the necropolis is translated as "Champs Elysees" in the beginning of its history it was located near the walls of Arles, but when the city grew, it was almost in the middle of it. Half a kilometer from Alesana is the Roman amphitheatre.

Alaskan became the burial place of the first Bishop of Arles, Saint-trophime and the Holy Martyr Genet, a Roman, who died for the Christian faith. The tombs of the saints made the necropolis a very prestigious resting place, which had wanted to be buried all the nobles and wealthy citizens, and wealthy citizens from other cities of Europe. However, in the XII century, the remains of St. trophime was moved to the Cathedral, and this somewhat lowered the status of the necropolis.

From the XI to the XVI century on the territory Alaskana appeared about two dozen churches and chapels, in the XII century was founded the Abbey of St. Honorata, now destroyed. In addition, the Alaskan was the beginning of the Camino for pilgrims from Provence. Later, during the Renaissance the necropolis was looted what was lost Roman sarcophagus with an original sculptural decoration.