/ / Roman theatre: photos, description (Theatre antique d'arles)

Roman theatre: photos, description (Theatre antique d'arles)

The Roman theatre in Arles is very close to the same Roman amphitheatre. The theatre was built at the end of the I century BC and the amphitheatre later, but both structures were architectural complex, where the residents of Arelate came to have fun. The theatre could accommodate up to eight thousand people.

The theatre has survived worse than his next-door neighbor, however, archaeological finds made in the territory of the former theatre, is recognized as a unique and stored in the museums of Arles and Paris. So, "Arlezianka Venus" (one of the statues that decorated the stage and was found in 1651) is now kept in the Louvre. Also found were a fragment of another statue - the head of the goddess Diana. In addition to the figures of the two goddesses of the stage was adorned with a statue of Augustus, in which it was built, and the altar of the God Apollo, to whom the theatre was dedicated.

The stage was surrounded by many stone columns of the three orders - there were about a hundred, but, to date, remained only two belonging to the Corinthian order, and called the "tower of Ratland" - in honor of the Archbishop of Arles, who lived in the IX century. Rutland may have been one of those people who have influenced the safety and appearance of the theatre. The fact is that since the V century, this place of pagan spectacles had been providing stone for building other buildings and structures: the theatre was dismantled in order to build the Cathedral or the city wall. Later within the theater began to appear in residential and other buildings, about the same process of "settlement" occurred in the near amphitheater.

Only in the first half and until the 60-ies of the XIX century, the theatre became exempt from the later buildings, this was ordered by then mayor of Arles, the Baron of Chartres.

Today the scene of the Roman theatre is the venue for cultural events, including a festival in July, the participants of which are dressed in traditional Provencal costumes, and festivals of photographs and historical films. In addition, the theatre is protected as a world heritage site by UNESCO.