/ / Cathedral of the Holy Savior: photos, description (Cathedrale Saint-Sauveur)

Cathedral of the Holy Savior: photos, description (Cathedrale Saint-Sauveur)

Cathedral of the Holy Saviour is situated in the centre of AIX-EN-Provence, the capital of the Gallic province of Narbonne. It is known that the first Christian sanctuary was built on the site of a former Roman temple dedicated to the God Apollo. According to legend, it was erected, the first Bishop of AIX with Maximin, accompanied in Gaul Mary Magdalene. The first Cathedral was destroyed by the Muslims in the VIII century, and from this ancient buildings of the VI century were only the VII century baptistry, now presented inside a modern building of the Cathedral.

Construction of a new temple began only in the twelfth century and one hundred years later, the Former received the status of the capital of Provence. The work lasted a long time, and because the exterior of the completed building combines elements from two of the leading architectural styles - Romanesque and Gothic. It is noticeable that, for example, the main facade, bell tower and the transept in the Gothic style, while the main nave of the Cathedral more reminiscent of a typical medieval Romanesque Church. The height of the nave is 20 meters. The final date of completion is considered 1513. It is important to note that the Cathedral Chapter house and the courtyard - cloister make up a single architectural ensemble. While the last two buildings were completed in the XII-XIII centuries.

One of the main shrines of the Cathedral is the sarcophagus with the relics of St. Mitry, located in the chapel of Cosmas and Damian. Also, presumably, one of marble gravestones in the West gallery of the cloister is located directly above the burial Basilio, one of the first bishops of AIX (500 year).

A special cultural-historical value is the triptych of the "burning Bush" of the XV century, authored by Nicolas froment, the painter of the Avignon school. As a further object of religious art of the same era may be noted a sculpted altar, Egosi, received its name in honor of the nobleman who gave to his Church. By the way, both of these masterpiece of art of the early Renaissance formerly belonged to the Carmelite monastery, which was destroyed during the French revolution. Unfortunately, she was not spared and the Cathedral itself many statues of the XV century, adorning its facade, was irretrievably lost. But they managed to save the columns supporting the arcades of the cloister. Interesting their capitals, on which are reliefs of scenes from the Bible.