/ / Sorbonne: photos, description (Sorbonne)

Sorbonne: photos, description (Sorbonne)

The famous Sorbonne, the centre of the University of Paris and a wonderful architectural monument situated in the Latin quarter. The University almost 800 years - is the oldest higher education institution in Europe.

In 1215 the Church colleges on the left Bank of the Seine have merged into a common University of Paris. Forty years later, on the advice of his Confessor, Robert de Sorbon, king Saint Louis IX founded the theological College of the Sorbonne for children from poor families. This name was gradually transferred to the whole University.

In the XVII century, cardinal Richelieu, he studied at the Sorbonne, reconstructed University building. Instead of the Gothic buildings have a powerful ensemble in the classical style. Its centre was the Church of St. Ursula is one of the first domed buildings in Paris. Here is the tomb of Richelieu.

In the revolution the Sorbonne was dissolved, the Church was turned into a temple of Reason. Napoleon in 1806 had formed the Imperial University with five faculties - Science, Philology, Theology, Law and medicine. Here he taught outstanding scientists Gay-Lussac, Lavoisier, Pasteur, the curies. Later at the Sorbonne he studied Marina Tsvetaeva, Nikolai Gumilev, Maximilan Voloshin.

In the mid-nineteenth century the complex of buildings of the University underwent another extensive reconstruction of the old buildings except the Church, was demolished and in 1901 built a new building.

In 1968 the students at the Sorbonne became the main driving force behind the "may revolution", which led to large-scale reform of the entire higher education system of France. Giant, the University was divided into 13 independent universities, members of three Academies. Four of them are today in the historical buildings of the Sorbonne in the Latin quarter.

Time has played a strange joke Sorbonne University, born as the divinity school, by the middle of XIX century became the centre of anti-clerical thought. Created by the king, he was the main reason of resignation of a recognized national leader General de Gaulle. But at all times he remained the pride and glory of France.

Note

  • Location: 1, rue Victor Cousin, Paris
  • Nearest metro station: "La Sorbonne" line M10.
  • Official website: http://www.paris-sorbonne.fr