/ / Old town Saint-raphaël: photo description (Vieux Saint Raphael)

Old town Saint-raphaël: photo description (Vieux Saint Raphael)

Saint-raphaël is a picturesque major resort area in the South-East of France located in the Provence - Alpes - côte d'azur. It is located between Marseille and nice, the distance to which is about 50 kilometers.

The first settlements in this region appeared in the Neolithic period, then there was founded the Hellenic trading colony, and soon replaced the Greeks came the Romans. From this historical period were the ruins of ancient pagan temples, villas and baths (Thermes). The first written mention of Saint Raphael dates back to 1065 year, then here was expelled the Saracens, and built the first Church of the Archangel Raphael, who gave the name to the whole city. It is worth noting that the next 700 years it was of little importance, being a simple fishing village. However, in the second half of the nineteenth century Saint Rafael was converted into a luxurious seaside resort, very popular among writers and poets of the XX century.

Despite the fact that the massive urban development took place in the late nineteenth century, the old medieval buildings are still preserved. They are one quarter of the Old city, known for its narrow and winding streets, on which is situated the picturesque houses with graceful arcade galleries on the first floor. Even the ancient fisherman's huts located in the Old port area.

Also from that era preserved the main city Church of St. Archangel Raphael. It was built in the XII century on the Foundation built in the XI century. In the course of the centuries it has been increased in size, but largely retained the features typical of Romanesque architecture. In the presbytery of the Church now houses the Archaeological Museum

From the ancient city fortifications were several sentry and sentinel towers of the XII century. One of them reaches 30 meters in height and is open for tourist visits - at the top there is an observation site.

Of the more modern buildings it is worth noting two small chapels of neoclassical style, finished in the XVII-XVIII centuries. Even in the Old town every morning, operates a bustling open-air market is a tradition stemming from the times of the middle Ages.