/ / The walls and gates of Avignon: photo, description Les remparts d'avignon)

The walls and gates of Avignon: photo, description Les remparts d'avignon)

Powerful stone walls in the historic part of Avignon was built in the XIV century to protect the city and the papal residence. However, it was already third of the town's fortifications, built around Avignon.

First, the city wall grew up around the city in the I century during the presence here of the Romans. Of it left even of the ruins, but the researchers were able to determine the area of some streets were wall and what shape was the shape of Avignon in Roman times, it became clear that rectangular and very small in size. The second city wall was built in the XIII century, however, stood long, and was destroyed by the troops of Louis VIII, who fought against heretics, however, before the fall, the wall withstood a three month siege. Several years later, the citizens rebuilt the city walls, a fragment which can be seen on Rue Saint-Charles.

In the XIV century after the move to Avignon, papal residence status of the city has changed, its economic prosperity and population increased and urban areas expanded. Therefore, there had to build another fortress wall which surrounded the area three times greater than the one that was inside the old city walls.

The length of the city's fortifications of the XIV century was more than 4300 meters, the height of the walls was equal to eight meters. Around the city were built more than 80 large and small watchtowers and the walls were dug a mouth that was filled with water from the two rivers Sorgue and Durasol. To get to town was through seven gates, each of which was equipped with additional protection in the form of a lattice and the drawbridge over the moat. Today you can see one of the gates of the XIV century, located at the beginning of Boulevard of Limber, and the gate of XIII century, called the Old.

The city walls of Avignon, built in the middle of the XIV century, was considered one of the longest in France, and it is the second after the Paris walls.