/ / The Thermae of Constantine: photo description (Thermes de Constantin)

The Thermae of Constantine: photo description (Thermes de Constantin)

In the beginning of the IV century Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great had a residence in Arelate and called this city the second capital of his Empire. Constantine I went down in history as the ruler who made Christianity the main religion of the state and who moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople (then Byzantium). In Christianity, Constantine is revered as a Saint equal to the apostles king.

This period in Arles was built Thermae - public baths, which today is considered one of the best preserved Roman baths on the territory of France. The Roman baths were built in the likeness of the Greek, were richly decorated with mosaics, sculptures, columns and other decor. In France also preserved baths of Cluny on the banks of the Seine, which is located in the Latin quarter of Paris.

Roman baths in Arles was built on the banks of the Rhone, not far from the amphitheatre. The remains of the Thermae were discovered in the XVI century during the study of the local historians of the buildings along the riverfront. By mistake the ruins of the baths took over the remains of the Imperial Palace and for several centuries called them "Palais de La Trui". In the nineteenth century, when the ruins were partially cleared, it was found the true purpose of this building. Now the southern part of the Thermae is beneath the earth, and the North was cleared in the last century. Then over the former kilns were built canopy, and themselves the remains of the baths were open to visits by tourists.

Among the ruins of the baths you can see the remains of several rooms: the caldarium (the place of admission of hot bath), tepidarium (warm room with a bath), laconium (dry steam room with), as well as the hypocaust - a two-layer floor, which was heated by the heated air under the floor were the columns built of brick tiles. The tepidarium was located in the semicircular apse with three Windows, and the frigidarium (cold water pool) is not preserved.