/ / Arc de Triomphe: photo, description Arc de triomphe de l'etoile)

Arc de Triomphe: photo, description Arc de triomphe de l'etoile)

Arc de Triomphe stands on the place Charles de Gaulle (previously, it was called Star square). There is a monument exactly on the straight line connecting the other two of the famous arch of Paris - square Carousel near the Louvre and the Great arch of La défense district.

The initiative to create a triumphal arch to commemorate the victories of the Grand Army belongs to Napoleon. Arch, he ordered to build immediately after the victory of Austerlitz (1806). A huge building (at a height of almost 50 meters, width - 45) was built slowly. In 1811, died Challgren architect died before completion and Napoleon himself. Work was only completed in 1836 during the reign of Louis-Philippe.

The construction was extremely impressive. The arch is decorated with four sculptural groups symbolizing outstanding deeds of France. On special boards lists the names of 128 battles that brought victory to the Republican and Imperial armies. Listed here are the outstanding names of 558 French generals. Arch surrounded by cast-iron chains a hundred granite pillars - one for each heroic "hundred days" of Napoleon. Inside is a Museum dedicated to the history of the arch construction.

In December 1840 under its arches were solemnly moving funeral procession with the ashes of Napoleon, brought from St. Helena. In the decades that followed the state funeral ceremony with a stop under the arches of the arc de Triomphe was awarded to Victor Hugo, Lazare Carnot, marshals Foch and Joffre, the heroes of the Liberation General Leclerc and Marshal de Lattre de Tassigny.

Since 1921 under the arch ablaze the Memorial flame at the tomb of the Unknown soldier, who died in the First world. The Paris Memorial fire was the first eternal flame in Western Europe since, when the Roman Emperor Theodosius extinguished in the year 394, the fire of Vesta.

The facade of the arc de Triomphe on the Champs Elysees watching. In Bastille Day, July 14th, on the Champs Elysees going on an impressive military parade against the background of the arch are armored units, over her fly combat aircraft contrails which are painted in the colors of the French flag.