/ / Arc de Triomphe, the Sorbonne University photo, description Arc de triomphe du Carrousel)

Arc de Triomphe, the Sorbonne University photo, description Arc de triomphe du Carrousel)

Triumphal arch on the square of the Sorbonne University - the first of the three famous buildings that extends through the whole of Paris a distinct optical axis. At any point on this axis you can see the arches, lying on devyatikilometrovy straight - Sorbonne University, Notre on the place Charles de Gaulle, and a Large district of La défense.

The arch in front of the Palace of the Tuileries, ordered to build by Napoleon Bonaparte in memory of their own victories 1806-1808 years. The project was entrusted to the architects Charles Percier and Pierre Fontaine, to whom the Emperor trusted: they were the legislators of taste, leading masters of the Empire style. This style embodied the sense of Imperial power and military force. He was ideally suited to celebrating the successes of the Empire.

In the work on the project Percier and Fontaine were inspired by antique prototypes: the first triumphal arch began to build for its winners, the Romans. The famous arch of Titus (81), the arch of Septimius Severus (205 ad) and the arch of Constantine (315), located in Rome. Napoleon's architects took a sample of the arch of Septimius Severus, but a few reduced dimensions (height of 19 meters to 21 meters in the Eternal city). However, the Paris building was no less solemn and ceremonial.

The facades of a meeting room is richly decorated with sculptures. Subjects for compositions were selected Dominique vivant-Denon, a talented Amateur-Egyptologist, was appointed by Napoleon Director of the Louvre. On the reliefs depicts the entry of Napoleon into Munich and Vienna, the battle of Austerlitz, the Tilsit Congress, the fall of Ulm. Arch also decorated with the heraldry of the French Empire and the Italian Kingdom.

Crowning the arch is the Quadriga of St. Mark, made of gilded bronze. It is believed that carved it himself Lysippus in the fourth century BC At the time, the four bronze horses adorned the Hippodrome of Constantinople during the Fourth crusade, the Doge Dandolo brought her to Venice and installed in the Basilica of San Marco. Napoleon, having conquered Italy, was taken in turn, the Quadriga to France to decorate her arch Sorbonne University. After the fall of Bonaparte, the French returned the sculpture to the Italians. Now the arch stands the composition, depicting the triumph of the Bourbons (by - Francois-Frederic Lemo and Francois Joseph Bosio).