/ / Fountain of the Observatory: photos, description Fontaine de l'observatoire)

Fountain of the Observatory: photos, description Fontaine de l'observatoire)

Fountain of the Observatory in the garden Marco Polo is often called the fountain of the four sides of the world or just Carpo - named sculptor. Above the fountain were four of the author, but it was Jean-Baptiste carpeaux created figures of naked women, rotating over the heads of the globe and symbolizing Europe, Asia, Africa and America.

The fountain, located on a tree-lined axis between the Luxembourg Palace and the Paris Observatory, was designed in 1866 in the framework of the creation of the Luxembourg prospectus (now the Avenue of the Observatory). This highway was one of the largest projects of Baron Haussmann for the reconstruction of Paris. The project was led by Gabriel Davy responsible for the design of the fountains, squares, lights, gates and other architectural details, he chose to make the vision of Jean-Baptiste carpeaux.

Karpo was already infamous for his sculptural group "the Dance" on the facade of the Paris Opera was shown to the public, accustomed to the calm of neo-classicism, too cheerful, almost unbridled. However, this is just an idea whirling figures about the axis of Karpo developed while working on the fountain of the Observatory. First, he fashioned a stationary model, but realized that they lack movement. The next option it gave four female figures themselves circling and circling over the heads of the celestial sphere covered by the tape with the signs of the zodiac. The signs of the zodiac and the sphere with globe inside created student Carpo Eugene Legrain, magnificent sea horses, as if jumping out of the pool around the fountain, fish, and sea turtles - the sculptor Emmanuel Frame, and garlands of seashells and aquatic plants that adorn the pool, Louis Willamina.

Work on the fountain was interrupted by the Franco-Prussian war and the uprising of the Paris commune, resumed in 1872 and completed in 1874. Karpo was seriously ill and watched from afar as he set up the statues. He died the next year.

The first reaction to the fountain was sharply hostile. One of the critics wrote terrible for the sculptor's line: "What aberration of the spirit, eyes and hands need to have to be a group of wild, vulgar and wrinkled dancers." Well, if you look closely, the figures for women and really at least not too feminine, especially in America. Proportionate and even elegant came only Europe. But in General, the fountain looks impressive: fish and turtles produce jets of water, the horses burst forward, and on a hot day it's so nice that no strangeness in the female figures, no one notices.