/ / The fountain Saint-Sulpice: photo, description Fontaine Saint-Sulpice)

The fountain Saint-Sulpice: photo, description Fontaine Saint-Sulpice)

Saint-Sulpice, one of the most beautiful fountains of Paris, ordered Claude-Philibert Rambut, prefect of Department of Hay. The prefect, who took office in 1833, spent his life in an ambitious programme to improve the city's water supply. He built 200 miles of new pipeline and, not least, 1700 little drinking fountains all over Paris. The monumental fountains, such as Saint-Sulpice - installed them just for looks.

Saint-Sulpice is really good - dvenadtsatiminutke the height of the stone structure in the Renaissance style with waterfalls and decorations. The architect Louis Visconti placed three octagonal pools on different levels. On the second level of snarling lions with the coat of arms of Paris, the third bowl with attached masks; from open mouths water flows. At the top of the impressive quadrangular with dome finial, Corinthian pilasters and niches, containing statues of the four French bishops the work of different sculptors - Jean-Jacques Upscale, françois Lanno, Louis despre and Jacques-Auguste, Vagina.

As usual, the fountain immediately began to criticize it, they say, visually blocks the entrance to the Church of Saint-Sulpice, bowls similar to utensils, and the lions growling from irritation due to the fact that they back water flows. In addition, the fountain, clearly oriented to the four cardinal directions, were called "fontaine des quatre points cardinaux". Literally it means "fountain of the four directions," but "points cardinaux" can be pronounced very similar to "pas cardinaux" - "not the cardinals. The irony of witty Parisians meant that none of these bishops did not become a cardinal.

However, Louis Visconti put statues of the bishops not because of their ranks. Jacques bossue, Francois Fenelon, Esprit Flechier and Jean-Baptiste Massillon was a truly great preachers, theologians, writers of his time. Sometimes they were arguing with each other, as bosua and his disciple Fenelon, always with the Protestants, but all their disputes were sanctified by love to God and man. In their sermons they focused mainly on moral rather than doctrinal issues, addressed not only to the intellect but to the heart.

The fountain survived the revolutionary turmoil, and four great Bishop is still looking out niches as a reminder that preaching is the duty of every Christian.