/ / Saint-wandrille de Fontenelle Abbey: photos, description Abbaye Saint-Wandrille)

Saint-wandrille de Fontenelle Abbey: photos, description Abbaye Saint-Wandrille)

Saint-wandrille de Fontenelle Abbey, also known as Saint-Wandrille - the current Benedictine monastery, part of the Solesmes congregation. It is located on the territory of the commune of Saint-Wandrille-Ranson in Upper Normandy (Seine-Maritime Department).

The monastery was founded in the middle of VII century, both the names of the base (Fontenelle Creek) and the name of its founder - St. Wandrille. Holy Vandril headed the monastery for 28 years and during that time managed to build, among other structures, five churches, a library, a hospice for the sick and the poor. The following priors have also continued the works of the founder and was engaged in the improvement and extension of the monastery. The prosperity of the Abbey continued until the IX century and the first raids of the Vikings.

Several times the Abbot Fulk was able to buy off the Vikings, and within twenty years from the first RAID of the Abbey remained intact. But in 862, during the next attack, the monks fled, taking their relics, particularly relics of Wandrille, and the Vikings destroyed the monastery. To return to the ruins of the monastery the monks decided only after a hundred years, and a century later the brethren of Saint-Wandrille already founded a subsidiary of the monastery of Préaux and Grestain.

Following the reconstruction of the Abbey happened in the XIII century, when a significant part of it was destroyed by fire. In particular, the restoration work was in St. Paul's Church, which was completed only in the second half of the XIV century.

The Abbey also suffered from two attacks of the Huguenots in the years of the religious wars and after them, began to decline. During this period, struck the bell tower, which fell on the roof of another building. Began in connection with mavritskii reform of the XVII century restoration have borne fruit in the form of reconstructed cloister and tower of the hall of the Chapter and residential buildings that have survived to the present time.

During the great French revolution, the Abbey was nationalised and sold off some of its buildings even managed to disassemble on stones. In 1862 the Abbey was recognized as a monument of history. In the early twentieth century the next owner of the castle became the Belgian writer Maurice Maeterlinck, and the Benedictine monks finally returned to the walls of the convent in 30 years. During the Second world war, the Nazis plundered the monastery, and the allies caused damage to its architecture.