/ / Fort St. John and the Museum of Mediterranean civilizations: photos, description (Fort Saint-Jean)

Fort St. John and the Museum of Mediterranean civilizations: photos, description (Fort Saint-Jean)

In 2013, Marseille has opened a new Museum dedicated to the civilizations of the Mediterranean. It has a rich collection representing the life of the people of this territory, is exhibited in three buildings, one of which is Fort St. John. This building is located in the Northern part of the Old port.

The present shape of the fortress was built in the XVII century by order of Louis XIV. The king used the Fort to protect Marcel, and to intimidate men from Marseilles, and, therefore, the cannon from the walls of the fortress looked in the direction of the city, not the sea.

The first Fort St. John already existed in the XII century - of the struggle with the infidels went by the crusaders. It is noteworthy that in the second half of the XX century here was going to Africa the soldiers of the Foreign Legion. In its long history the Fort St. John was used as a lighthouse, barracks and jail, as well as an ammunition depot during the Second world war. In 1944, at the warehouse, an explosion occurred, which caused serious damage to this historic structure.

For the Museum of Mediterranean civilizations near the Fort was rebuilt one of the piers and erected a modern building, the lower part of which is immersed in water. Fort and the new building connected by a sky bridge. Nearby is another Museum building, research center.

The permanent exhibition has two main sections: the "Mediterranean gallery" and "rest Time". The exhibits of the second section are located in the Fort Saint-Jean and represent different holidays and traditions of different peoples associated with relaxation and celebrations. The first section covers the early civilizations, the three world religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism), the States of the Mediterranean, as well as the history of navigation. In the Museum you can see numerous items of everyday life, and works of art.

In addition, the story of the people who lived on the shores of the Mediterranean or arriving here continues outside the Museum buildings. Around the Museum there is a garden in which are located the exposition under the open sky.