/ / Horreum: photos, description (Horreum)

Horreum: photos, description (Horreum)

Horreum - one of the monuments of ancient architecture remaining in the French city of Narbonne from the time of Roman rule. The Roman colony on this site was founded in 118 BC and in subsequent years grew into a major sea port. Moreover, for a time in Narbonne is the capital of ancient Southern Gaul.

Horreum is a huge barn for grain, is suitable, however, and for storage of other products - wine and olive oil. Often horreum is the same and the vaulted underground gallery - criptoportico. Usually cryptoportic acts as a basement floor supported by the main building of the forum or Villa. Famous Roman historian Pliny the Elder called this type of accommodation simply "crypt", as are called, and now the underground floors in medieval churches. As the temperature in this room was usually quite low, criptoportico were often used as storage for various products.

Horreum in Narbonne was built in the first century before Christ. Interestingly, the upper floors of this building have not survived, remained the only underground gallery. The structure of this building is also quite unusual - it is noticeable that it divides, and consisted not only of the many passages, but also from several private rooms sizes which are quite modest.

Horreum in Narbonne was discovered in 1838. During the archaeological excavations it was determined that all it consisted of three indoor-vaulted corridors, but survived only two of them. From 1976 it was converted into a Museum, operating all year round, excluding public holidays. Tours are held only in the summer.