/ / Église du Saint-Esprit: photo description (Eglise du Saint-Esprit)

Église du Saint-Esprit: photo description (Eglise du Saint-Esprit)

Église du Saint-Esprit (the Holy spirit) in the East of Paris, the exotic look: the building is red brick with tall steeple, which resembles a cell phone tower. Even more unusual Church looks like from the inside - this is a genuine Byzantine Empire in Paris.

The local area where from 1860 onwards was rapid urbanization, growing population, there is an urgent need for new places of worship. In 1928 Archbishop cardinal Dubois took the decision to build a temple here, instructing project architect Paul Turno - he was a well-known construction in France and Morocco religious buildings using reinforced concrete. In 1929 it was ready the crypt of the Church, which played the role of the chapel during all subsequent construction.

In the same 1929, the cardinal Dubois had died. The Paris Archdiocese took Bishop Jean Verdier, who is remembered as "the Bishop of a hundred churches". This was a man of immediate action and great energy. When it was adopted and implemented a program for the construction in Paris of dozens of churches, chapels, hospitals, and kindergartens. Part of this programme was the Church of the Holy spirit, completed in 1935.

Paul Turno joined in this project incompatible: the architecture of Byzantine churches, especially Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, with the brutal aesthetics of reinforced concrete. The interior walls and vaults of the temple has not undergone any finishing, patina of time on concrete surfaces makes them look like a Church cut into the rock. So the interior has obvious similarities with the ancient Christian catacomb temples.

The main nave is covered by a huge dome (22 meters in diameter, the height of the upper point 33 metres). Use concrete to create such a complex design in those days was a real technical feat.

For interior decoration Paul Turno attracted great artists. Standing the way of the Cross performed by George Desalle, murals - Robert albert Geniko, Raymond Vira, Henri de Maistre and many other masters. The combination of the rough concrete surface with huge polychrome frescoes produces an incredible impression. One of the most amazing works in the Church, the relief of the work of Jacques Martin's "Death of St. Joseph: Jesus takes the last breath of the dying, the mother reaches out a hand to one last time to touch the hands of his counsel. This story was depicted by artists and sculptors are extremely rare.

Here, in the temple, the bust of cardinal Verdier, whose energy ascended the temple. On the bare concrete wall is written: "the Cardinal of a hundred churches - the people of Paris.