/ / The Church of St. Nicholas and the great Martyr Alexandra: photo, description Eglise Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra)

The Church of St. Nicholas and the great Martyr Alexandra: photo, description Eglise Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra)

The Church of St. Nicholas and the great Martyr Alexandra the older and more modest of the two Orthodox churches of nice. Its history is extremely interesting.

This temple is the legacy of the first Russian colony formed in nice in the mid-nineteenth century, under the influence of the example of the Dowager Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, widow of Emperor Nicholas I. In 1856, she arrived in nice in the hope of correct here failing health. Example of the Empress was followed by many Russian aristocrats, exit to winter in nice, became a sign of good taste. Guests of the Russian colonies often become naval officers: nearby, in the Bay of Villefranche, acting Russian naval base, created under contract with the king of Sardinia (côte d'azur was then part of the Kingdom).

His Church in the Russian colony was not, and Alexandra took him in the construction under his personal protection. Initially intended to build a small prayer house. The project was designed by Alexander Kudinov, the implementation plan instructed the local architect andré-françois Baraja. The Frenchman is at your own risk almost doubled the height of the building and crowned it with a dome - it was a real Church.

The temple was built during the year, it was consecrated on 31 December 1859. Six months nice became part of France, and the Church was on French territory. But the rectors of the parish were appointed by the St. Petersburg diocese.

Heavenly patrons of the Church of the Wonderworker, the patron Saint of sailors, merchants and children St. Nicholas and St. Alexander Roman (wife of the Emperor Diocletian, executed for the faith in Christ). The names of these remind also about the Emperor Nicholas I and his crowned wife-philanthropist. The Church became one of the first Russian Orthodox churches in Western Europe.

The eclectic architecture of the building is modest and plain. Its interior has been preserved rarities of the XIX century carved oak iconostasis in three tiers, made in St. Petersburg under the project of Russian artist and architect Alexey Gornostaev (the gift of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna), a massive fine tabernacle work, donated to the Church the don Cossack army. On the first floor of the temple since its founding a library.

The Church belongs to the Archdiocese of Russian Orthodox churches in Western Europe and is under the omophorion of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. Here flowed the main part of the second parish Orthodox Church of nice, Saint Nicholas Cathedral, after its transfer under the jurisdiction of the ROC.