/ / Church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte: photos, description Eglise Saint-Jean-de-Malte d'aix-en-Provence)

Church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte: photos, description Eglise Saint-Jean-de-Malte d'aix-en-Provence)

The Church of St. Jean of Malta was built in the XIII century and is therefore considered one of the first Gothic churches in the land of Provence.

The first building in its place, most likely, was a Roman temple dedicated to the goddess Minerva - that's her altar found at the end of the XVI century during works to strengthen the Church. The first Christian building on this site was a chapel built in the XII century by the knights of St John Hospitaller. As the duties of the brothers of this order were the care of the sick and wounded, when the chapel was established hospice.

In the second half of the XIII century the chapel was rebuilt into a Church and began to serve as the burial vault of the counts of Provence. Tombstones of some of them, discovered in the early twentieth century, today are Museum pieces.

Until the XVII century Church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte was part of a monastery of the Hospitallers and was outside the city walls. She even wanted to demolish, because he saw in it a possible Outpost, which could strengthen the enemy to attack the city. In the XVII century the Church was surrounded by houses and streets of the new quarter - Mazarin. Around the same time one of the three towers of the Church was converted into a house. During the great French revolution, the Church and monastery were plundered, and the Church building was located a military warehouse.

Currently, the Church tower is still the tallest building in AIX-EN-Provence. Church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte - acting, one of its ornaments is the picture of the work of eugène Delacroix "the Crucifixion", and in the beginning of this century the Church was a new body created by Daniel Kern. Among the elements of the external appearance of the Church is to note the Maltese cross on the bell tower and gargoyles with the heads of dogs over the portal. In AIX-EN-Provence, the Church is on the streets of Italy.