/ / Church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre: photo, description Eglise Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre)

Church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre: photo, description Eglise Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre)

Church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre (Saint John of Montmartre) by Paris standards quite young - it was consecrated in 1904. In this small Church the revolution that has made possible the architecture of the XX century.

In the end of XIX century by the architect Anatole de Baudot was commissioned to design the new Church on Montmartre hill. Bodo was a disciple of the famous French restorer-freethinker of eugène violle-Le-Duc and the project was advanced in the spirit of the teacher: the supporting structures of the Church is of reinforced concrete. For the first time in the world the architect has provided a concrete dome, and extremely thin columns of the temple have decided to make of reinforced hollow brick (method Cottancin-Bodo).

The architect did not believe - how can you disagree on explicit adventure? The work stopped, the unfinished Church was trying to carry. Twice the priest of the neighbouring Church of Saint-Pierre-de-Montmartre the Abbe Alex Sobolev their authority saved the project. In-situ strength tests (load sandbags concrete slab inches thick) showed that all calculations are correct, the design have the necessary margin of safety. Only after that the construction was resumed.

The Church in Montmartre became the world's first building in which reinforced concrete was not only used as supporting structures, but also dictated a completely new aesthetic. From the outside the Church looks quite traditional, its art Nouveau façades made of brick (the Church even has a second name - Saint-Jean-des-Briques, "Saint John of brick"). But in the interiors of the Church were widely used to cast concrete arch, supporting elements, details of fences, reminiscent of a light lace. In this case the architect did not try to hide the concrete, whereas, in contrast, emphasized his characteristics. It is believed that found Bodo aesthetics opened the way for the great creations of Le Corbusier.

In the Church you can see the magnificent stained-glass Windows of Jacques Galan on sketches by Pascal Blanchard. Stained glass Windows dedicated to the life of the inspired author of one of the four Gospels, John the theologian. Two large paintings at the altar of Alfred brush Plosion depict Jesus ' First miracle of Christ at Cana and the last Supper. The organ in this Church built the great organ master Aristide kavajë-Col.