/ / The Church of Saint-Germain-des-Prés: photo, description Saint-Germain-de-Pres)

The Church of Saint-Germain-des-Prés: photo, description Saint-Germain-de-Pres)

The Church of St. Herman in the meadows as translated from the French of Saint-Germain-de-Pres is the oldest in Paris. Already during the Roman legionaries in the first century, here stood a Christian Church. Later, in the era of the Merovingians, there is the Abbey, which today remains only the Church.

The occurrence of an Abbey associated with the name of the Frankish king who is described I. He had brought from Spain a priceless relic - the robe of a deacon Zaragoza the Church of Saint Vincent, martyred under the Roman Emperor Diocletian. The king has ordered to beat heaton to the gate of the city, but the Bishop of Paris, Herman advised the king to establish a monastery for the storage of relics. The name are buried here, Bishop was given to the Abbey in the year 576.

The who is described I found peace, too, in Saint-Germain-des-Prés. Besides him, there were buried another three king of the dynasty of the Merovingians - Chilperic I Fredegonde and Clotaire II. In those ancient times, thus, the Abbey became the forerunner of Saint-Denis - the first Royal necropolis of the future of France.

In 885, the year the Abbey was looted and burned by the Vikings, who rose up to combat Drakkar on the Seine to Paris. The current Church started to be built in XI century, three times it was rebuilt. As a result, in her fancy combines Romanesque and Gothic styles.

In the years of the French revolution in Saint-Germain-des-Prés is a prison, there was executed more than two hundred priests. Then the Church turned into a warehouse of ammonium nitrate required in the manufacture of gunpowder. Then the Abbey together with a rich library was destroyed by a fire. In the XIX century restored building was returned to the Church.

Today the Royal tombs of Saint-Germain-des-Prés moved to Saint-Denis. In the old Church remained the only relic of Royal rank - here lies the heart of the great French philosopher and mathematician rené Descartes. Scientist-Catholic died in exile in Sweden, and was buried in this Protestant country, to the cemetery for unbaptized. Upakov heart of a scientist among the ancient stones, France paid tribute to its great son.