/ / The chapel of the Martyrs: photos, description (La chapelle du Martyre)

The chapel of the Martyrs: photos, description (La chapelle du Martyre)

La Chapelle du martir, the chapel of the Martyrs, did not notice on the street Yvon Le: inscribed in the row of houses next to noisy College.

There is a building on the site where nearly 250 years, the pagans beheaded the first Bishop of Lutetia Saint Dionysius of Paris and his two companions. His name Montmartre was in memory of this event (Montmartre - "mountain of martyrs"). The chapel and underground crypt is erected in the fifth century, St. Genevieve. In the IX century during the siege of Paris, the building was destroyed by the Vikings, it was rebuilt. Here, prayed before the battle for Paris Joan of Arc.

In the XIX century the chapel was reconstructed and its appearance is completely changed. Now on the wall stylized Gothic chapel, a stone slab carved with the text: here he was beheaded, Saint Dionysius. A little further is the conventional image of the pious widow of Catullus, who buried the Martyr. You go once a week, on Friday.

But the crypt under the chapel - all the same, the same. It was here, in a quiet corner of Montmartre, was one of the greatest events of the Christian world.

On 15 August 1534, a poor Spanish nobleman, doctor of theology, Ignatius of Loyola with six of his comrades descended into the crypt of the chapel of the Martyrs. Here the newly ordained priests Peter Lefevre made the Holy Mass and the seven brought to the Lord the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. They did not know that by vows, are creating a Society of Jesus, a male religious order of the Catholic Church. Order, purpose and meaning of which will become the service of faith and the spread of justice.

Legally, the Order was constituted in 1540. But six years earlier, partaking of the Holy Gifts in Montmartre, its founders were already aware of their mission of "companions of Jesus". In all ages of the order of the United missionaries, teachers, scientists, doctors, carpenters, poets, statesmen. Not afraid of work and hardship, they went to where the Church needed them. Each had entrusted to him the mission of caring for the people of God. In the first place - the orphans, the sick, the fallen. They carried a mission of mercy with energy and fearlessness of the apostles the founder of the Order.

The world called them Jesuits, often giving the word an ironic tinge. At the end of XX century the Order humbly took the self: the Jesuits because the Jesuits. Twenty thousand men around the world today serve the Lord as once in the crypt of the Chapel of the Martyrs made a vow to serve Him an amazing man - a poor Spanish nobleman St. Ignatius of Loyola.