/ / Castle Drachenfels: photos, description (Burg Drachenfels)

Castle Drachenfels: photos, description (Burg Drachenfels)

Castle Drachenfels - one of the castles of the middle Rhine valley and located in the Federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Now it was only ruins, enjoying, however, very popular among tourists.

The castle stands on the summit of the mountain of volcanic origin, part of 320 meters in height and is part of the mountain massif of the Siebengebirge. It's called the Drachenfels - translated as "dragon mountain". This place is a legend of the Nibelungs, it is believed that here the hero tales of Siegfried slew the dragon Fafnir.

The castle was built in 1138-1167 years Archbishop of Cologne and served as an important strategic point guarding the southern border of the diocese. The original medieval buildings include the main tower - Bergfried, a chapel, living quarters and rooms for servants. In the middle of the XIII century, the fortress surrendered, and in 1493 was the first siege. In the second half of the XVI century in connection with the transition of Cologne to Protestantism castle Drachenfels once again gained strategic importance and withstood the onslaught of Bavarian troops. But in 1638 during the Thirty years war it was destroyed by Swedish troops and was never restored.

With the development of the style of the era of romanticism the Rhine valley began to attract many artists and poets. Ruins of castle Drachenfels was sung in "the Pilgrimage Childe-Harold" George Byron and the poetry of Heinrich Heine. In the XIX century on the top of mount Drachenfels was held tram road, which functions and now. However, to climb up and can walk, and children can ride the donkeys. At the top is a restaurant with an observation deck, and at the entrance to the castle stands an obelisk in memory of the victims of the Napoleonic wars, amounting to 11 meters in height.

Since the days of Ancient Rome to the neighborhood of the mountain was mined construction materials, including quartz, which were used to build Cologne Cathedral. Quartz mining ceased in 1836 due to soil erosion, damaged the ruins of the castle. In 1956, the Drachenfels mountain became a national Park.

In the middle of the ascent stands the Palace of Rivne, in the neogothic style in the late nineteenth century and is also very popular. It is possible to get on the funicular.

On the slopes of vineyards. The entire crop is harvested manually, and the most common grape is the famous Riesling.

The Drachenfels mountain is part of the famous Hiking route from Bonn to Wiesbaden is known as the Rhine trail.