/ / Neuschwanstein castle: photos, description (Schloss Neuschwanstein)

Neuschwanstein castle: photos, description (Schloss Neuschwanstein)

The king of Bavaria, Ludwig II, the reclusive and romantic, ordered to build for himself on a lonely cliff, near the village of Schwangau Neuschwanstein castle (1868 - 1886). It was erected in the style of knight's castle and luxuriously furnished.

The legendary castle

Plans and drawings developed by Eduard Riedel, the designer of Yank Christians and George Dolman. Each room of the castle is a hymn to the operas of Wagner, the heroes of Germanic legend.

Marble throne room was conceived as a hall of Parsifal. Plans of the premises in luxurious Byzantine style was created by Eduard Ille and Julius Hofmann. This is a bunk room with long rows of columns, decorated with imitation porphyry and lapis lazuli. It ends with a gold-plated semicircle of the apse. Nine stages of Carrara marble leading to the platform where I had to get a throne of gold and ivory. However, this has not materialized due to the untimely demise of the king.

Under the shining blue sky of the dome is seated Christ surrounded by the virgin and St John, and below are the kings of saints Casimir, Stephen, Henry, Ferdinand, Edward and Louis. Precious chandelier in the form of a Byzantine crown of gilded copper Il has 96 candles and weighs 18 kilograms.

The oak-panelled dining room is decorated with paintings by Ferdinand Relate and Joseph Aigner. They represent the minnesingers as well as scenes from the legendary singing contest in Wartburg, 1207.

Singers hall occupies the entire East side of the fourth floor. A few years ago in this great hall began to hold wonderful concerts.

Private chambers of the king

Neo-Gothic Royal bedchamber dazzling profusion of carved decorations and ornaments. Fourteen carvers for four and a half years labored to manufacture. Art decoration of a room mostly devoted to the story of Tristan and Isolde, deeply affected 20-year-old king. The eponymous Opera by Richard Wagner was staged in 1865, during the stay of king Ludwig in Munich.

Next to the bedroom is the small chapel of Ludwig II. It is dedicated to the Holy king Louis of France, in whose honor was named the monarch. Painted in the ogive embedded richly carved wing altar.

Lavishly decorated living room with a rear Bay window, the so-called "Swan" angle on the image of the Swan knight Lohengrin. Large panels of artists Haushild and von Haeckel depict scenes from the legend of Lohengrin. In addition, Swan motif occurs in the carved ornaments of wood covered in gold embroidery on silk upholstery and curtains.

The office of king in Romanesque style. Created by Joseph Aigner tapestry, filigree encrusted in oak paneling, illustrate the legends of Tannhauser and the singers contest at Wartburg.

The castle is a fairy tale hidden in the forests of the Bavarian Alps, a real masterpiece that deserves crazy popularity among tourists and brings fabulous profits to Germany. Neuschwanstein castle became the prototype of the Sleeping beauty castle in Disneyland Paris, source of inspiration for Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan lake" and the embodiment of love, Ludwig II to Wagner's music. It is unlikely that there will be other castles in Germany, storing more exhibits showing Royal admiration for the compositions of Wagner-tapestries depicting scenes from his operas still keeps charming Neuschwanstein castle.

Myths and facts

Neuschwanstein means "New Swan Stone". Swan motif permeated the entire architecture of the building. The Swan is the heraldic symbol of an old family of the counts of Schwangau, whose successor considered himself the father of Ludwig II, Maximilian II of Bavaria. Ludwig was a huge fan of Richard Wagner, identifying himself with one of the characters of his Opera - Swan knight. Having inherited the Royal throne, Ludwig II embodied his long-standing fantasy-the Swan castle of incomparable beauty.

Far from the bustling cities, almost at the border with Austria, construction began in 1869 under the direction of the Munich theatre artist Christian Jank. But because of the extravagant tastes and quirks of Ludwig, this process has progressed very slowly. For example, only on wood carving in the bedroom of the king 14 carpenters worked for 4.5 years.

The construction of the castle was stopped when Ludwig was removed from power due to intrigues in his own office. The king seldom touched national issues personally, and his antics earned the reputation of a madman. Besides suffering from hallucinations - for example, dined with the spirit of Louis XIV. Under Bavarian law, a king may be removed from power if found unfit to govern. And after the report of his Cabinet in 1886, it was overthrown. Ludwig was taken to Berg castle, where he soon drowned in Starnberg lake. However, with regard to this mysterious death, recognized at the time of suicide, it is assumed that the Cabinet was not satisfied with the simple removal of Ludwig from power. Especially since his attending psychiatrist also shared the fate of his patient. These mysterious events gave rise to many legends and created an intriguing halo around Neuschwanstein castle, making it the most famous castle in Germany.

What to see

Neuschwanstein was built 17 years, but, unfortunately, was not fully completed. The third floor of the castle and the chivalry room were not finished. The main decoration of the structure - the Cathedral in the Gothic style, which was to lead all the facilities-remained only in the plans. Until the death of Ludwig was finished finishing 14 rooms. But the captivating beauty of Germany's most famous castle does not fade from it. The sun is also perfectly reflected on the pearl walls of Neuschwanstein. And inside the throne room shows a picture of wealth: a complex mural with angels and Christian saints. The throne, in fact, is not here - for him only built a platform at the end of the room, as the king was removed from power.

Another attraction is the Grotto-a sample of the king's violent imagination. Small at first glance, the room on the third floor is designed as a fabulous cave with a small waterfall. The feeling of the dungeon here is so realistic that it looks like a miracle. Specifically for the pleasure of the king, the grotto is connected to the auditory passage from the Hall of the singers.

German castles are full of legends. During the second world war, Neuschwanstein was the storage of Reichsbank gold. When shortly before the end of the war gold was taken away in an unknown direction, began to say that he was drowned in the neighboring lake Alat.

Neuschwanstein is located in the scenic valley of Hohenschwangau, only a short walk from the popular tourist town of Fussen and Hohenschwangau castle, where Ludwig II spent his youth. Neuschwanstein became the most photographed object in Germany. Every day he examines some 6,000 visitors.

South of füssen is another legendary Frankenstein castle, made famous by an eccentric alchemist Joseph von Frankenstein. Many castles in Germany have been transformed into comfortable hotels, where today everyone can rent Royal apartments. We recommend you to choose and book hotels at the best price on trivago - the largest website in terms of price comparison.