/ / The Schloss rheinfels: photos, description (Burg Rheinfels)

The Schloss rheinfels: photos, description (Burg Rheinfels)

The Schloss rheinfels - one of the castles of the middle Rhine valley and located in the Federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The castle dominates the town of Saint-Gor. At the moment, the castle remained only ruins. At the time of its prosperity Schloss rheinfels was the largest castle in the Rhine valley, and the area of its territory was five times more than now.

The construction of the castle began in 1245. The castle belonged to the family of the counts von Katzenelnbogen and served as the residence and also the customs post. In the years 1360-1370 began large-scale restructuring of the castle, was erected round the main castle tower (Bergfried), characterized in that its lower part was wider. Moreover, the Bergfried Schloss rheinfels was the highest tower of a similar kind are among the castles of the Rhine valley - its height was 54 meters. Unfortunately, the main tower of the castle is not preserved.

In 1370 on the other side of the Rhine, the castle was erected Katz, who also served as an important customs post. XV century was a century of prosperity to Schloss rheinfels, however, in 1500, the family of Katzenellenbogen finally broke, and all their lands were ceded to distant relatives - the landgraves of Hesse. Philip I the Magnanimous wanted to rebuild the Schloss rheinfels in the Renaissance style, but his plan was never executed. After his death in 1567 landgraviate split into four pieces and passed to his sons, two of whom died, leaving no heirs, which led to a long family conflict. The stumbling block was the castles formerly belonging to the counts of Katzenelenbogen. Until 1648, the Schloss rheinfels passed from one warring side to the other, until a peace agreement was signed, according to which the castle served as the residence of the son of the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.

In 1657-1674 the years built a powerful fortress to protect from the French. The castle was repeatedly besieged, and in the winter of 1692-1693 years during the war of the Palatinate succession was fierce fighting at the Schloss rheinfels. In the end, French troops were forced to retreat. In the XVIII century the Schloss rheinfels was again besieged French troops during the Seven years war and during the French revolution. Both times the castle was surrendered without a fight. In the years 1796-1797, the French revolutionary army finally destroyed the castle.

In 1815 the ruins of Schloss rheinfels became part of Prussia, and in 1843 they acquired the future Kaiser of Germany, Wilhelm I. After the First world war, the ruins of the castle owned by the municipality of the city of Saint-Gor. In 1963-1964 and in 1990 restoration works were done.

Since 1973, in the Schloss rheinfels offers known since 2005 under the name Romantik Hotel Schloss Rheinfels. Since 2003 the hotel has Gerd RIPP, who for 25 years drives like castles-hotels.

The castle, separate from the hotel, the Museum, the entrance to which is through the gate of the clock tower of the 1300. From the main castle building is only preserved vaulted wine cellar, the largest in Europe and can accommodate up to 400 people. It is now used as a concert hall. Also preserved a few fragments of the fortification wall and the remains of various buildings on the castle grounds. The Museum itself is located in a former chapel of the castle, where the layout of the original medieval castle.

Ride on a boat past the locks Rheinfels and Katz is especially interested in the night of the third Sunday of September when the festival of fireworks "Rhine in flames".

Since 2002, all the castles of the upper Middle Rhine valley was included in the list of monuments of cultural heritage of UNESCO.